Pt.2 - American West - Expansion, Conflict & Consolidation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt.2 - American West - Expansion, Conflict & Consolidation Deck (25):
1

Who were Pioneers?

First people to go West
Eg -

- Fur Trappers
- Mountain Men

2

Who were Carpet Baggers?

Northern Businessmen who went South to buy the cheap land after the Civil War

3

When was the Sand Creek Massacre?

1864

4

Which American Colonel led the Colorado Militia?

Colonel Chivington

5

Militia definition

An army created of Volunteers

6

Of which state was the American Militia from?

Colorado Militia

7

How many Sioux died in the Sand Creek Massacre?

150 natives

8

When did Chivington & the Colorado Militia attack the Sioux camp?

When all the men were out hunting

9

What was Scalping?

Removing the skin from the top of the head

10

Why did the Sioux Scalp?

-Believed it would trap the enemies soul on Earth

-They would not enter the after life

-Seen as Savage

11

What state is Salt Lake City in?

Utah

12

Significance of Salt Lake City?

Brigham Young to the Mormons there in 1846

13

When did Brigham Young take the Mormons to the Salt Lake City?

1846

14

What was the Timber & Culture Act?

Could get extra land if you planted 60 acres of trees (Homestead Act)

15

When was the Timber & Culture Act?

1873

16

What was the Dawes Act?

Broke up large Reservations into smaller family sized areas

17

When was the Dawes Act?

1887

18

What was the AIM of the Dawes Act 1887?

Destroy the strength of tribes and power of chiefs

19

When was the Transcontinental Railroad completed?

1869

20

Where was the Transcontinental Railroad completed?

Promintory Point, Utah

21

What did the 13th Amendment do?

Abolished Slavery

22

When was the 13th Amendment?

1863

23

Who fought in the Civil War?

South and North America
- Slave owning states
vs
- Non-Slave owning states

24

What is the Southern independence movement called?

Confederacy

25

When was the Civil War?

1861-1865