Public Health Nursing - Past, Present, Future Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Public Health Nursing - Past, Present, Future Deck (25):
1

social determinants of health

social conditions in which people live and work

2

what are healthcare disparities

gaps in healthcare by one population compared to another

3

Changes in healthcare in the 21st century

patient/client-centered care
increased use of technology
increased personal responsibility

4

3 core functions of the role of govt in healthcare

Assess healthcare problems
Intervene by developing policy providing access to services
Ensure delivery of services and outcomes achieved

5

what is the PPACA - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

provides insurance to most Americans
lower costs
improve access to primary care
preventative care and prescription benefits
coverage of pre-existing conditions
young adults covered
*Law signed by Obama

6

patient/client-centered care focuses on

cultural traditions
personal preferences
values
families
lifestyles
***Maintaining Health is Client Responsibility

7

advancing forms of technology are dramatically improving lives, T or F

True

8

what is HIT

Management of health information and its exchange between consumers, providers, govt and insurers in a secure manner
Electronic Health Records

9

what is tele-health

electronic information and telecommunications to support long distance clinical healthcare, pt education, public health and health admin

10

define personal responsibility for health

active participation in ones own health through education and lifestyle changes

11

what is public health nursing

Population based practice
Preventing disease and disability
Promoting and protecting health for entire community

12

principles of public health nursing

Client is population
Primary obligation - achieve greatest good for greatest number of people as a whole
Collaborate w/client as an equal partner
Primary prevention is priority
Focus on strategies for a healthy environment where people thrive
Actively reach out to all who may benefit from services
Optimal use of resources and evidenced-based strategies to improve health populations
Collaborate with other professions to promote/protect the health of people

13

who sets the scope and standard of practice for nursing practice

ANA

14

who establishes the characteristics of competent public health nursing practice and is a legal standard of practice

the publication Public Health Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice

15

public health nursing interventions

population based model
applied to individuals, families, communities
focuses on prevention

16

public health initiatives in early America

influenced by British traditions
Shattuck, Dix, Barton

17

what is Dix famous for

improving life for mentally ill

18

what is Barton famous for

red cross

19

what is Shattuck famous for

reporting unsanitary conditions and the relationship to ill health/disability

20

what is Kass famous for

"benefits of biomedical progress are obvious, clear and powerful. The hazards are much less well appreciated.."

21

what is evidenced based practice

best evidence available to increase the quality of care

22

what is epidemiology

Science of prevention
Knowledge of hx of disease and risk fxrs increasing susceptibility to illness

23

what is health

state of physical, mental and social well-being; not just absence of disease

24

healthcare is closely linked to

ethical issues

25

challenges for public health nursing in the 21st century

Engaging in Evidenced based practice
Helping eliminate health disparities in under served populations
Demonstrating cultural competence (awareness, sensitivity, inclusion)
Planning for community change
Contributing to a safe and healthy environment
Responding to emergencies, disasters, terrorism
Responding to global environment