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Flashcards in Pulmonary Deck (17):
0

% deaths by lung diseases in low and middle income countries

90%

1

% of population with asthma

10%

2

% of all GP visits asthma

3%

3

3% of all GP visits asthma

T or f

T

4

diagnosis of COPD is made when the FEV1/FVC ratio is less than

70%

5

Two types of COPD

Emphysema
Chronic bronchitis

6

Dyspnoea

Shortness of breath caused by copd

7

Emphysema

Destruction of alveoli reading to breathlessness

8

Chronic Bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis is one type of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The inflamed bronchi produce a lot of mucus. This leads to cough and difficulty ...

9

Alpha 1-antitrypsin Deficiency. Prevalence in australia

One in every 2500 people in Australia

- 1-antitrypsin inhibits a wide variety of proteases. It
protects tissues from neutophil elastase. In its absence, neutrophil elastase is free to break down elastin which
contributes to the elasticity of the lungs, resulting in
respiratory complications such as emphysema.

10

Asthma

Asthma
• Chronic inflammation of the lungs characterized by recurrent reversible airway obstruction

Bronchi constriction

11

Asthma has a relatively low fatality rate compared to
other chronic diseases; most asthma-related deaths occur in low- and lower-middle income countries.

T

12

What is the prevalence of asthma for Australian males and females, respectively?

9%
11 females

13

COPD prevalence worldwide

210 million

14

COPD ranking of leading cause of death

4ths

15

COPD affects man and women equally

T or f

T

16

Asthma prevalence worldwide

300 million worldwide