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Flashcards in Pulmonary Deck (19)
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1

PFTs during asthma exac

Decr FEV1/FVC , diminished peak flow, incr RV

2

Tram lines on cxr

bronchiectasis

3

PFTs restrictive lung

FVC decr, FEV1nl, RV mod decr

4

Assoc with inspiratory squeaks, velcro-like crackles

ILD

5

PFTs ILD

Decr TLC, Decr FVC, decr DLco

6

PFTs COPD exac

decr FEV1/FVC, decr DLco, normal or decr FVC

7

CXR shows linear opacities, calcified pleural plaques

Asbestosis

8

CXR shows small nodular opacities in upper lung zones, Spirometry restrictive (dx, prognosis)

Coal miner's, progressive massive fibrosis

9

Egg shell calcification on CXR (dx, tx)

Silicosis, annual TB

10

Tx, findings of berylliosis

hilar adenopathy, chronic corticosteroids

11

Causes incr Aa grad

shunt, VQ mismatch, diffusion impairment

12

criteria to dx ARDS

acute onset
ratio PaO2/FiO2

13

Tx and O2 goals for ARDS

ventilation with low tidal volumes
SaO2>90% o FiO2

14

Definition, causes pulm htn

pulm art pres >25
L heart failure, mitral stenosis, pulm vasoconstr

15

loud, palpable S2, flow murmr, S4, parasternal heave

pulm htn

16

size vs calcification in benign vs malignant lung nodule

size:

17

Lung nodule in:
-recent immigrant
-SW US
-Ohio River Valley

Recent immigrant: TB
SW US: coccidiomycosis
Ohio: histoplasmosis

18

location lung cancer mets (4)

liver, adrenals, brain, bone

19

Light's criteria

Exudate if an criteria met:
pleural protein/serum protein >0.5
pleural LDH/serum LDH >0.6
pleural fluid LDH >2/3 upper limit normal serum LDH