Pulmonary Terminology Flashcards Preview

Cardio Pulm > Pulmonary Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pulmonary Terminology Deck (14):
1

Anoxia

Lack or absence of oxygen

2

Apnea

No breathing

3

Dyspnea

Difficult or labored breathing; due to decreased ventilatory capacity and increased work of breathing

4

Eupnea

Normal breathing at rest

5

Hypercapnia (Hypercarbia)

Excess PaCO2 in blood possibly from hypoventilation or diffuse bronchopulmonary disease

6

Hypocapnia (Hypocarbia)

Low PaCO2 in blood possibly from hypervenilation

7

Hyperoxia

High O2 concentration, pressure, or saturation in lung, blood, or tissues

8

Hypoxia

Low or reduced O2 concentration, pressure, or saturation in lung, blood, or tissues

9

Hyperoxemia

Higher than normal P(o2) in blood

10

Hypoxemia

Lower than normal O2 concentration or pressure or saturation in the blood

11

Hyperapnea

Increase in rate and depth of breathing in proportion to metabolic rate

12

Hypoapnea

Decrease in rate and depth of breathing compared to breathing at rest

13

Hypoventilation

Decreased ventilation in regards to metabolic needs resulting in increased PaCO2 (hypercapnia) and decreased PaO2 (hypoxemia). May be result of decreased respiratory rate and/or tidal volume and may lead to respiratory acidosis

14

Hyperventilation

Increased ventilation in excess of metabolic needs resulting in decreased PaCO2 (hypocapnia) and increased PaO2 (hyperoxemia). May be result of increased respiratory rate and/or tidal volume. Produces signs/sx of dizziness, numbness, tingling, and may lead to respiratory alkalosis