Pulmonology Flashcards Preview

Quick Review > Pulmonology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pulmonology Deck (30):
1

The lower division of the upper lobe at the left lung

Superior and Inferior Lingular

2

Characteristics of Left Lung EXCEPT:
A. Deep cardiac notch
B. Provided with middle lobe
C. With oblique fissure
D. Provided with lingula

B. Provided with middle lobe

3

Which of the following bronchi is called as the Epartial Bronchus?

Right Superior Bronchus

4

Quiet Inspiration

Contraction of Diaphragm

5

Quiet Expiration

Passive
Elastic Recoil of Lungs

6

How many generation of airways do you find in the respiratory system

23 times

7

How many alveoli are present in the respiratory system

500 million

8

What is the effect of smooth muscles of the airway during:
Sympathetic:
Parasympathetic:

Sympathetic: RELAXATION (baroreceptor)
Parasympathetic: CONSTRICTION (muscarinic)

9

Most common cause of Community Acquired Pneumonia

Streptococcus pneumoniae

10

Most common cause of common cold

Rhinovirus

11

Most common viral cause of atypical pneumonia, bronchiolitis in children:

RSV?

12

Most common cause of croup in infants?

Parainfluenza

13

Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, Koplik's spots, Warthin-Finkeldy Cells:

Measles / Rubeola

14

Most common cause of atypical pneumonia

Mycoplasma

15

Gray pseudomembrane

Diphtheria

16

Contains edema factor, lethal factor, protective antigen:

Anthrax

17

Anaerobe, draining sinuses in the jaw, sulfur granules:

Actinomycet

18

Catarrhal phase, Paroxysmal Coughing phase, convalescence phase

Bordatella pertusis

19

Thumbprint sign:

Haemophilus influenza

20

Most common cause of nosocomial pneumonia and pneumonia in CF:

Pseudomonas aeurogenosa

21

Currant-jelly sputum, alcoholics:

Kleibsella

22

Pyocyanin, pneumonia associated with infarction due to vessel invasion:

Pseudomonas aeurogenosa

23

Budding yeast with narrow-based buds, encapsulated:

Cryptococcus

24

Narrow-angled branching septate hyphae:

Aspergillus

25

Wide-angled hyphae without septa:

Mucor

26

Most common cancer in males:

Prostate cancer

27

Most common cancer in females:

Breast cancer

28

Most common cause of cancer death:

Lung cancer

29

Most common type of Lung CA:

Metastasis

30

Most common Primary Lung CA:

Adenocarcinoma