Pulmonology Flashcards Preview

Pediatrics > Pulmonology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pulmonology Deck (26):
1

Fever, inspiratory stridor, hoarseness, barking cough

Laryngotracheobronchitis; Viral croup

2

Most common etiology of Laryngotracheobronchitis

Parainfluenza virus

3

DOC for Laryngotracheobronchitis

Nebulized racemic epinephrine; Oral Dexamethasone

4

Neck X-Ray: Steeple sign or subglottic narrowing

Laryngotracheobronchitis; Viral croup

6

High fever, dysphasia, dyspnea, drooling, muffled voice, "sniffing dog" or "tripod" position

Epiglottitis

7

Neck X-ray: "thumbprint" or "leaf" sign

Epiglottitis

8

Most common etiology of Epiglottitis in unvaccinated

H. influenzae type B

9

Brassy cough; copious, thick, purulent secretions

Bacterial Tracheitis

10

Prophylaxis for Epiglottitis

Children: Rifampicin 20mg/kg OD x 4 days

>18 yo: Ciprofloxacin 500mg PO single dose

11

CXR: Patchy infiltrates and ragged air column

Bacterial tracheitis

12

Most common etiology of Bacterial Tracheitis

S. aurora

13

CXR: Air trapping on the right lung with mediastinal shift towards the right lung

Foreign body aspiration

14

Most commonly aspirated food

Peanut

14

Most common lodging sites in Foreign body aspiration

<1 yo: Larynx
>1 yo: Bronchi, usually Right main stem

15

Most common complication of acute nasopharyngitis

Otitis media

16

Sinuses present at birth

Maxillary, Ethmoid

17

Persistent rhinorrhea with onset in the first 3 months of life (snuffles)

Congenital Syphilis

18

Sinuses pneumatized at 4 yo

Sphenoidal

19

Sinuses present at 5 yo

Maxillary, Ethmoid, Sphenoid

20

Staccato cough

Chlamydia

21

Sinuses begin to develop at 7-8 yo

Frontal

22

Wheezing heard loudest over the trachea

Chondromalacia

23

Whooping; post tussive vomiting

Pertussis

24

Pediatric dosages for MTB treatment

Isoniazid 10 mkD
Rifampicin 15 mkD
Pyrazinamide 35 mkD
Ethambutol 20 mkD

2HRZE, 4HR

25

Most common extrapulmonary form of TB in children

Scrofula

26

Frequency or # of episodes of recurrent strep pharyngitis to consider tonsillectomy

>7 ep in the previous year OR
>5 ep in each of preceding 2 years