Flashcards in Pump Ops Chpt 1 Deck (38):
The main purpose of a fire department pumper is to provide adequate water pressure for effective ______
NFPA 1901 standard on automotive fire apparatus contains the requirements for pumper design. The standard specifies a minimum pump capacity of ______ and a water tank capacity of ______
Pump capacities larger than 750 gpm increase in increments of __________ with most municipal fire departments operating pumpers of 2000 gpm or less.
Fire departments combine some of the functions of a rescue company with a fire department pumper. The apparatus typically used are referred to as a ________.
Many fire departments including municipal, airport, wild land, and those serving industrial facilities operate pumpers capable of discharging foam on class A and/or class B fires. Many industrial pumpers while capable of flowing plain water on class A fires are also large capacity pumpers. These types of apparatus, built based upon the requirements in chapter ____,______, and_____ of the ________ are operated by the members of the facilities industrial fire brigade.
Chpt 11, 16, and 20 of NFPA 1901.
Large onboard tank of foam concentrate (usually found on industrial pumpers) often contain ______ or more gallons of foam concentrate.
The foam proportioning system commonly found on municipal pumpers are scaled down versions of those used for industrial fire pumpers. Likewise the foam tanks are correspondingly smaller, usually ranging from _____ to ____ gallons.
20 to 100 gallons
Some fire departments operate pumpers equipped with various types of elevating devices to apply fire streams. The articulating or telescoping devices most commonly combined with pumpers generally range in height from ____ to ____.
50 to 75 feet
Many fire departments use scaled down versions of full size pumpers, which are called _________. The specific requirements for the design of the __________ are detailed in chapter 6 of NFPA 1901.
Initial attack apparatus
In some regions the terms _______ or ______ have come to define pumping apparatus smaller than a full size pumper. Although these terms are not defined in NFPA 1901, some apparatus manufactures use them to define pumpers with smaller chassis, pump, and agent tank size.
Mini or midi pumpers
Small fire apparatus mounted on a pickup-truck-sized-chassis usually with a pump having a rated capacity less than 500. It's primary advantage is speed,mobility, which it enables it to respond to fires more rapidly than larger apparatus.
Apparatus sized between a mini pumper and a full sized pumper, usually with a gross vehicle weight of 12,000 or greater. The ______ has a fire pump with a rated capacity generally not greater than a 1000 gpm.
The incident command system (ics) as defined by the national incident management system categorizes pumping apparatus and mobile water supply apparatus based on capability. This system called _________, is intended to make it easier for incident commanders to call for the exact type of resources they need to manage an incident.
Mobile water supply apparatus, locally known as _______ and _______, are used to transport water to ares where a water system is nonexistent or inadequate.
Water tankers or water tenders
Mobile water supply apparatus, as stated in NFPA 1901 chapter 7 are equipped with a water tank capacity of at least_______
The water tender may be used in a __________. In this operation the water tender arrives at the designated dump site and either pumps off or uses the quick dump valve to off load its water supply into folding portable water tanks.
Mobile shuttle operation
The apparatus may also be used as a stationary reservoir or ___________ which can useful in certain situations.
Commonly known as brush trucks, brush breakers, or booster apparatus, these vehicles often have pump capacities and water tanks of ______.
A __________ system that allows the apparatus to be driven while discharging water is an advantage when combating wildland fires.
Pump and roll
In addition to remote control nozzles for fire suppression some vehicles maybe equipped with _______ intended for extinguishing small hot spots as the vehicle advances through short vegetation.
Ground sweep nozzles
Standard for wildland firefighting
Standard for aircraft rescue and firefighting vehicles
Are used to provide immediate suppression of flammable liquid fires and suppression of vapors from fuel spills. Airport apparatus sometimes respond off of airport property to assist municipal fire departments with large scale flammable liquid incidents.
Aircraft rescue and fire fighting vehicles (ARFF)
A ______ is an apparatus equipped with a fire pump,water tank, and hose, in addition to an aerial device and ground ladders. According to NFPA 1901 standard for automotive fire apparatus the vehicle must be equipped with pump rated at a minimum of 1000 and a water tank of at least 300 gallons.
Although not common in most municipal fire departments, _____
May serve certain fire service applications. Long term pumping operations, such as those involving fires at a petroleum storage facilities or landfills, may be suitable for the deployment of ______in order to release standard fire department pumpers for response to other incidents.
Trailer mounted fire pumps
When a small amount of electric power is needed, a step up transformer called an ______ can be used to convert a vehicles 12 or 24 volt DC current into 110 or 220 volt ac current.
These ______ have the Advantage of fuel efficiency as well as near noiseless operation.
Are the most common power source used for emergency services. They maybe portable or fixed to an apparatus.
Portable generators are available with a variety of power capacities _______ is typically the largest capacity.
The lighting equipment Carried On pumping apparatus may be portable or fixed. Ranging from ______ to _______ watts, portable lights are advantageous during incidents where illumination is needed some distance away from a piece of apparatus or where additional lights are required.
300 to 1000 watts
Some apparatus are equipped with bank of lights mounted on booms that are powered by electric, pneumatic, or hydraulic systems. These installations generally have a capacity of _____ to _____ watts per light.
500 to 1500 watts
Electrical cords maybe stored on apparatus in coils, portable reels, or fixed automatic rewind reels. Some jurisdictions may specify ______,______to provide secure connections.
12 gauge, 3 wire cords with 600 volt insulation with twist lock.
Specifies the minimum portable equipment that must be carried on all fire department pumpers
The capacity of mobile water supply apparatus operating in a particular jurisdiction is based on a variety of factors including
Bridge and weight limits
Are typically used to power vehicle mounted flood lights
Are highly useful when electrical power is needed remote from the position of a fire apparatus
Typically, vehicle mounted generators have a larger capacity than