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Flashcards in PY- CH 1.1 Deck (20):
1

psychology

the science of behavior and mental processes

2

introspection

inward focusing on mental experiences, such as sensations or feelings

3

structuralism

the school of psychology that attempts to understand the structure of the mind by breaking it down into its component parts

4

functionalism

the school of psychology that focuses on the adaptive functions of behavior

5

behaviorism

the school of psychology that holds that psychology should limit itself to the study of overt, observable behavior

6

Gestalt psychology

the school of psychology that holds that the brain structures our perceptions of the world in terms of meaningful patterns or wholes (helhet)

7

gestalt

a German word meaning "unitary form" (enhetlig) or "pattern" (modell)

8

unconscious (medvetslös/omedveten)

in Freudian theory, the part of the mind that lies outside the race of ordinary awareness and that contains primitive drivers and instincts

9

psychodynamic perspective

the view that behavior is influenced by the struggle between unconscious sexual or aggressive impulses and opposing forces that try to keep this threatening material our of consciousness

10

psychoanalysis

Freud's method of psychotherapy; it focuses on uncovering and working through unconscious conflict he believed were at the root of psychological problems

11

behavioral perspective

an approach to the study of psychology that focuses on the role of learning in explaining observable behavior

12

social-cognitive theory

a contemporary learning-based model that emphasizes the role of cognitive and environmental factor in determining behavior

13

behavior therapy

a form of therapy that inlaces the systematic application of the principles of learning

14

humanistic psychology

the school of psychology that believes that free will and conscious choices are essential aspects of the human experience

15

humanistic perspective

an approach to the study of psychology that applies the principles of humanistic psychology

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physiological perspective

an approach to the study of psychology that focuses on the relationships between biological processes and behavior

17

evolutionary psychology

a branch of psychology that focuses on the role of evolutionary processes in shaping behavior

18

cognitive perspective

an approach to the study of psychology that focuses on the processes by waging we acquire knowledge

19

sociocultural perspective

an approach to the study of psychology that emphasizes the role of social and cultural influences on behavior

20

positive psychology

a contemporary movement within psychology that emphasizes the study of human virtues and assets, rather than weaknesses and deficits