Flashcards in PY- CH 2.6 Deck (19):
the body's system of glands (körtlar) that release their secretions, called hormones, directly into the bloodstream
an endocrine gland (körtel) located near the stomach that produces the hormone insulin
the tendency of systems to maintain a steady, internally balanced state
an endocrine gland in the brain that produces various hormones involved in growth, regulation of the menstrual cycle, and childbirth
releasing factors, stimulate the pituitary gland to release other hormones, including growth hormone
a small endocrine gland in the brain that produces the hormone melatonin, which is involved in regulating sleep-wake cycles
insulin, facilitates wanted of blood glucose (sugar) into cells; involved in regulation of blood sugar levels
involved in regulating metabolic rate, growth, and maturation
a pair of endocrine glands located just above the kidneys that produce various stress related hormones
ovaries (estrogen, progesterone)
fosters female sexual maturation; helps regulate menstrual cycle, helps maintain pregnancy
promotes sperm production; fosters male sexual differentiation during prenatal development; stokes sexual maturation in pubertal males
sex glands (testes in men and ovaries in women) that produces sex hormones and germ cells (sperm in the male and egg cells in the female
the female gonads, which secrete the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone and produce mature eggs cells
the male gonads, which produce sperm and secrete the male sex hormone testosterone
premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
a cluster of physical and psychological symtoms occurring in the few days preceding the menstrual flow
The major ................. glands are the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, pineal gland, thyroid, adrenal glands, pancreas, and ............. (testes in males and ovaries in females).
Excesses of ................... hormones can cause anxiety and irritability, whereas too little can lead to sluggishness and weight gain and can retard intellectual development in children.
.................... has been linked to aggressiveness.