PY- CH 2.6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PY- CH 2.6 Deck (19):
1

endocrine system

the body's system of glands (körtlar) that release their secretions, called hormones, directly into the bloodstream

2

pancreas

an endocrine gland (körtel) located near the stomach that produces the hormone insulin

3

homeostasis

the tendency of systems to maintain a steady, internally balanced state

4

pituitary gland

an endocrine gland in the brain that produces various hormones involved in growth, regulation of the menstrual cycle, and childbirth

5

hypothalamus

releasing factors, stimulate the pituitary gland to release other hormones, including growth hormone

6

pineal gland

a small endocrine gland in the brain that produces the hormone melatonin, which is involved in regulating sleep-wake cycles

7

pancreas

insulin, facilitates wanted of blood glucose (sugar) into cells; involved in regulation of blood sugar levels

8

thyroid gland

involved in regulating metabolic rate, growth, and maturation

9

adrenal glands

a pair of endocrine glands located just above the kidneys that produce various stress related hormones

10

ovaries (estrogen, progesterone)

fosters female sexual maturation; helps regulate menstrual cycle, helps maintain pregnancy

11

testes (testosterone)

promotes sperm production; fosters male sexual differentiation during prenatal development; stokes sexual maturation in pubertal males

12

gonads

sex glands (testes in men and ovaries in women) that produces sex hormones and germ cells (sperm in the male and egg cells in the female

13

ovaries (äggstockar)

the female gonads, which secrete the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone and produce mature eggs cells

14

testes

the male gonads, which produce sperm and secrete the male sex hormone testosterone

15

premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

a cluster of physical and psychological symtoms occurring in the few days preceding the menstrual flow

16

The major ................. glands are the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, pineal gland, thyroid, adrenal glands, pancreas, and ............. (testes in males and ovaries in females).

endocrine, gonads

17

Excesses of ................... hormones can cause anxiety and irritability, whereas too little can lead to sluggishness and weight gain and can retard intellectual development in children.

thyroid

18

.................... has been linked to aggressiveness.

Testosterone

19

Female sex hormones appear to play a role in ................. .

PMS