Quarter 1 US Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quarter 1 US Terms Deck (52):
1

Authority stems from the top and is transmitted downwards through the line by the help of delegation of authority

Title

Specific conditions

Formal authority

2

Author of The Power Elite,

Introduced that term and describes the relationships and class alliances among the U.S. political, military, and economic elites

C. Wright Mills

3

A theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that an upper-class elite will rule, regardless of the formal niceties of governmental organization

Elitist Theory

4

Invented the classic conception of bureaucracy

Max Weber

5

A government regulatory agency that consistently makes decisions favorable to the private interests that it regulates

Captured Agency

6

No law may be enforced by the government unless it conforms with certain universal principles (written or unwritten) of fairness, morality, and justice

Higher Law

7

A term the founders used to refer to political parties and special interests groups

Faction

8

Federalist Paper: Guard against factions

Federalist 10

9

Federalist Paper: Checks and balances

Federalist 51

10

A group of people, groups, or countries who have joined together for a common purpose

Coalition

11

A court order requiring explanation to a judge why a prisoner is being held custody

Writ of Habeas Corpus

12

A legislative act that imposes punishment without a trial

Bill of Attainder

13

When the national government would give states a share of national tax revenues

Eliminated

Revenue Sharing

14

Requirements associated with federal grants

Any provision in statute or regulation or any Federal court ruling that imposes an enforceable duty upon State, local, or tribal governments including a condition of Federal assistance or a duty arising from participation in a voluntary Federal program.

Mandates

15

Federalist Paper: Strength of state/federal government

Federalist 46

16

Federalist Paper: Strength of federal government does not pose a threat to the states

Federalist 45

17

A charter that allows the city government to do anything that is not prohibited by the charter or by state law

Home Rule Charter

18

Inherent powers of state governments to pass laws to protect public health, safety, and welfare

Police Power

19

A procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petition, propose a law or constitutional amendment and have it submitted to the voters

Initiative

20

General vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision

Referendum

21

A procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of officials from office before then end of their term

Recall

22

The flow of power and responsibility from states to local government

Second order devolution

23

Use of nongovernmental organizations to implement public policy

Third order devolution

24

Democratic and civic habits of discussion, compromise, and respect for differences which grow out of participation in voluntary organizations

Social capital

25

Beliefs that a person holds regarding their social class or economic rank in society, the structure of their class, and their class interests

Marxist term

Class consciousness

26

A sustained intention to contribute to one’s society through participation in civic and political action

Civic purpose

27

Distribution of individual preferences for or evaluations of a given issue

Public opinion

28

When people hold political opinions but do not fully express them

Latent

29

A widely shared and consciously held view

Manifest opinion

30

Issues that people believe are important to them

Salient

31

Generic name in the United States to denote a hypothetical member of society deemed a "common man”

John Q. Public

32

Cultural mindset or region of the United States that, geographically, comprises the bulk of rural and suburban America

Middle America

33

Unspecified large majority of people in a country or group who do not express their opinions publicly

Silent majority

34

Prominent American political organization associated with the Christian right

Mobilized Christian Republicans

Christian coalition

35

Document released by the United States Republican Party during the 1994 Congressional election campaign

Detailed the actions the Republicans promised to take if they became the majority party

Contract with America

36

Division of voters into voting blocs

Political cleavage

37

Working class

Blue collar

38

Office jobs

White collar

39

Belief that government can bring justice and equality

Liberalism

40

Political principles focused on altering social structures through revolutionary means and changing value systems in fundamental ways

Radical

41

Political positions or activities that accept or support social equality, often in opposition to social hierarchy and social inequality (liberal)

Left wing

42

View some forms of social hierarchy or social inequality as either inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable (conservatives)

Right wing

43

Libertarian candidate

Barry Goldwater

44

• Average American moron
• Beer 6 pack
• Blue collar
• Standard

Joe Six Pack

45

Primary elections in the Southern states of the United States of America in which only white voters were permitted to participate

White primary

46

Outlawed the use of literacy tests

Voting Rights Act of 1965

47

Congress extended Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act for five years (no more literacy tests)

Voting Rights Act of 1970

48

Secret ballot

Australian Ballot

49

People who vote but participate in little else politically

Voting specialist

50

People who not only vote but like to get involved politically with their party

Campaigners

51

People who tend to reserve their energies for community activities of a nonpartisan kind

Communalist

52

Those who do not vote and stay out of election campaigns and civic associations

Parochial