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Flashcards in Questioned Deck (22):
1

The left ventricle has the thickest walls because it:

Pumps blood into the aorta and systemic circulation

2

Erosion of the protective layer in the stomach or duodenum secondary to overactivity of digestive juices results in

An ulcer

3

Which of the following organs or tissues can survive the longest without oxygen
A. Heart
B. Liver
C. Muscle
D. Kidneys

C

4

Pulmonary edema and impaired ventilation occur during
A. Cardiogenic shock
B. Neurogenic shock
C. Septic shock
D. Anaphylactic shock

A

5

Which of the following injuries would most likely cause obstructive shock?
A. Cardiac tamponade
B. Simple pneumothorax
C. Spinal cord injury
D. Liver laceration

A

6

Neurogenic shock occurs when

Failure of the nervous system causes widespread vasodilation

7

The system at veins function by

Returning deoxygenated blood back to the heart

8

You have been working at the scene of a major building collapse for eight hours. Many injured people are still being removed, and everyone is becoming frustrated and losing focus. This situation is most effectively managed by
A. Conducting a critical incident stress debriefing the next day
B. Allowing each worker to sleep in 15 to 30 minute increments
C. Providing large amounts of caffeine to the rescue workers
D. Requesting a CISM team to provide on scene peer support

D

9

Relative to an adult airway anatomy, the child's
A. Trachea is smaller, softer, and less flexible
B. Mouth and nose are proportionately larger
C. Pharynx is smaller and less deeply curved
D. Tongue takes up less space in the pharynx

C

10

Coordination of balance of body movement is controlled by the

Cerebellum

11

Immediate death from a blunt chest trauma following a motor vehicle crash is most often the result of

Trumatic aortic rupture

12

Irritation or damage to the plural surface is the cause sharp chest pain during inhalation is called

Pleurisy

13

What does bone marrow produce?

Blood cells

14

In contrast to inhalation, exhalation
A. Occurs when the diaphragm lowers and expels air from the lungs
B. Requires muscular effort to affectively expel air from the lungs
C. Is a passive process caused by increased intrathoracic pressure
D. Is an active process caused by decreased intrathoracic pressure

C

15

The primary prehospital treatment for most medical emergencies
A. Address is the patient's symptoms more than the actual disease process
B. Typically does not require the EMT to contact medical control
C. Focuses on definitive care because a diagnosis can usually be made
D. Involves transport only until treatment can be performed at the hospital

A

16

Alkalosis is a condition that occurs when

Blood acidity is reduced by excessive breathing

17

When does an acute myocardial infarction occur?

When myocardial tissue dies secondary to an absence of oxygen

18

With the increasing age, the heart must work harder to move the blood effectively because

Blood vessels become stiff

19

Subcutaneous emphysema is an indication that
A. Your patient is experiencing a pericardial tamponade
B. Air is escaping into the chest wall from a damaged lung
C. At least half of one load has completely collapsed
D. Blood is slowly accumulating within the tissue of the long

B

20

Rough handling of a hypothermic patient with a pulse may cause

Ventricular fibrillation

21

After a baby is born, it is important to

Ensure that it is thoroughly dried and warmed

22

Which of the following statements regarding communications with old people are correct
A. The majority of elderly patients are hearing or visually impaired
B. Older patients have difficulty understanding when they are stressed
C. Explain the justification for a procedure after it has been completed
D. Attempt to call the elderly patient by using his or her first name

B