Questions 4/26/18--- important info Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Questions 4/26/18--- important info Deck (33):
1

Hormone that is seen elevated when on menopause (HAVOC)

FSH

2

Digoxin Intoxicty seen with what effects?

anoxeria, N/V, diahrea and bradycardia. KEY SEEN WITH Yellow green distrubances and arrthymias like paroxysmal atrial tachycardia with a 2:1 block

3

Immigrant who comes in with abdominal pain then seen with seizures and along with 3 hypodensities in the brain in a straight line pattern. What is the bug?

It was a due to a Cysterocosis--- (tinea solenia species) STRAIGHT LINE HYPODENSITIES (calcifications there)... It is an intestinal tapeworm that is seen in undercook meat.

4

Immunodeficient patient seen with ring enhancing lesion

Toxoplasmosis

5

Patient is seen with elevated AST and ALT, low hemoglobin and decreased platelets in pregnant lady. What is disease and what is treatment?

HEELP Give Mag sulfate

6

Differ btwn 2 types of esophageal cancer

Squamous cell occurs in the upper part of the esophagus and is a proliferation of squamous cells Barretts or esophageal adenocarcinoma is a change form squamous cells to columnar cells in distal 1/3 seen with GERD and alcohol abuse

7

Loss of vibration, touch, pressure, and propioception is a lesion where? and where does it dessicusate?

Dorsal columns and decussates in the medial leminiscus

8

Patient who comes in with a rad rash on the skin after being prescibed with an antiobitic and has a renal failure with INCREASED EOSINOPHILS???

ACUTE INTERSTIAL NEPHRITIS--- eosinophils give this disease away---- the elevation of them--- commonly seen due to an allergic reaction with an antibiotic

9

What is the disease seen with this EKG?

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Premature ventricular contractions.

There are no p waves seen

10

Patient comes in complaining of hallucinations after smoking an unknown substance. What neurotransmitter is seen effected

Serotonin

11

Commonly seen side effects on substances and receptors effected

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12

PCP effects what receptor with what symptoms

Effects the NMDA

Symptoms: agitation, beligerance, ataxia, hyperthermia, and psychosis

13

Patient complains of loss of temperature sensation and pain. What tract is effected and where does it decussate?

Anterior spinothalmic tract

Seen with sringomyelia, and decussates at the anterior white commisure

14

Patient who is coughing up blood and blood in stool with nausea and depression. Has overdosed on what medication and what is the treatment

Ferrous sulfate

Tx: is the deferoxosome

15

Other common overdoses

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16

How do you calculate absolute bioavailability

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17

Pt. who has to pee multiple times at night but with decreased skin tugor, and is resistant to anti adh and water restriction

Lithium induced nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

18

What are the drugs seen with TB?

What are the side effects of them? 

Rifampin (revs up p450 so his the liver- orange red urine, and hits rna polymerase

Isonizid-- blocks bacteria fatty acid synthesis-- big thing seen with it is liver toxicity and peripheral neuropathy due to B6 deficiency

P

Ethambutol (red green color blindness)

19

Causes of RTA

Type 1-- due to decreased hydrogen reabsortpion--- hypercalcemia, and calcium stones, normal ph and K levels

Type 2--- due to decreased bicarbonate reabsorption--- decreased ph but normal K levels 

Type 4-- due to aldosterone reabsorbtion issue--- seen with massive hyperkalemia--- with hypercholermia

20

Signs of parkinsons?

resting tremor (pill rolling), with shuffling gait, bradykinesia or slowness and HYPOSMIA (Lack of smell)

21

HOW TO DIFFER BETWEEN PBC and autoimminue hepatitis

Both seen with elevated ALT AND AST in autoimmune patient

PBC--- seen with + AMA

autoimmune hepatitis seen with +ANA

22

What is the most common nephrotic syndrome seen with IV drug abuse and HIV, and sickle cell???

Focal Segmental Glomepheritis

23

Common signs of other types of glomeronephritis

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24

What is seen in goodpasture syndrome

Pt complains of lung and renal issues.

Typically seen with glomeronephritis, hemopytisis, and renal failure. 

Typically seen with TYPE 4 collagen of the BASEMENT MEMBRANE

Differs from GPA (wegner's) bc wegner's also hits the throat and has C-anca seen with it!!!!

25

Test of choice when some presents with an enlarged prostate and elevated PSA?

Transrectal ultrasound with biopsy

26

Differ btwn case-control, cross sectional, and cohort studies

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27

Drug of choice in patient with type 1 diabetes and effects?

Insulin

Prevents gluconeogeneis, glycogenolysis, and increases uptake in cell

28

Other durgs and ways they work in diabetes

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29

Bone mass comes from what 2 cells?

bone mineralization is due to what?

Mass is due to osteoclasts and blast? Blast build and clast destroy

Mineralization is due to phosphate and vit D--- taken out by PTH

30

HORMONES OF THE POSTERIOR PITUITARY

Anterior pituitary

Post: oxytocin and vasopressin

ANterior-- fsh, lh, tsh, prolactin, ACTH, trh

31

How to dianosis scolosis? Treatment

Side higher is dextro for R and levo for L

Mild- 0-20 and do OMM and orthostatics and possilbly braces

Moderate- 20-45 same as mild

Severe is above 45 and given surgery

32

What is the nerves of the eye

 

Sensation of the eye is V1--- opthalmic nerve

pain and tears is done by facial

LR4SO6 and movement is oculomotor is CN3

CN 3 --- causing myhdryosis and closing pupil

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