Questions from CurrentPapers (2015, 1st department) Flashcards Preview

Y Anatomy, Histo, Embryo III > Questions from CurrentPapers (2015, 1st department) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Questions from CurrentPapers (2015, 1st department) Deck (52):
1

Which spinal cord segments contain the Clark-Stilling nucleus?

Thoracic 8 - Lumbar 3

2

Which tracts terminate in Pontine nuclei?

Türck tract & Arnold tract (both are Corticopontine tracts)

3

Which extrapyramidal efferent pathways are crossed

Tectospinal and Rubrospinal (Those from the Midbrain)

4

Which Thalamic nuclei have motor functions?

VA/VL

5

In which Thalamic nucleus does the TrigeminoThalamic fibers terminate?

VPM

6

Where is the cell body of those neurons which send their axons up to the Gracile nucleus?

DRG (Lumbar and Sacral)

7

In which spinal funiculus is the Rubrospinal tract found?

Lateral funiculus

8

Which tracts pass through Forel's H1-field?

PallidoThalamic (Lenticular ansa and Lenticular Fascicule)

CerebelloThalamic

RubroThalamic

9

What is the main neurotransmitter of the StriatoNigral fibers?

GABA

10

Which Proprioceptor is linked in series to the skeletal muscle fibers?

Golgi Tendon Organ

11

Which fibers convey heat-related information?

III & IV aka Adelta & C

12

Where do the climbing fibers of the Cerebellum come from?

Inferior Olivary nucleus (OlivoCerebellar fibers)

13

Where do the axons of Purkinje-cells terminate?

Deep Cerebellar nuclei

14

Which Cerebellar Peduncle contains the ventral SpinoCerebellar tract?

Superior Cerebellar Peduncle

15

Which Hypothalamic nuclei produce Vasopressin?

Supraoptic and paraventricular

16

What type of nucleus is 16?

Q image thumb

GSM

A image thumb
17

Where is the cell body of the axons that terminate in 17?

Q image thumb

DRG of Thoracic and Lumbar

A image thumb
18

Where does the nucleus of 18 project?

Q image thumb

Thalamus, VPM

A image thumb
19

Which pathway is 19?

Q image thumb

Medial Lemniscus / Internal Arcuate fibers

A image thumb
20

What type of information is conveyed by 20?

Q image thumb

Protopathic (Spinothalamic tract)

A image thumb
21

Which crainal nerves share the nucleus in 21?

Q image thumb

9, 10, 11 (Nucleus Ambiguus)

A image thumb
22

Where and how do the fibers arising from the nucleus in 22 terminate?

Q image thumb

Cerebellum, as climbing fibers

A image thumb
23

Give the names of the tracts running in 23

Q image thumb

(Superior Cerebellar Peduncle)

CerebelloRubral

CerebelloThalamic

Ventral SpinoCerebellar

A image thumb
24

What is the neurotransmitter in 24?

Q image thumb

Norepinephrine (NE)

A image thumb
25

What is the type of information conveyed in 26?

Q image thumb

Protopathic (SpinoThalamic tract)

A image thumb
26

Where does the tract in 27 terminate?

Q image thumb

VPL (Medial Lemniscus)

A image thumb
27

Which tracts terminate in the nuclei in 28?

Q image thumb

CorticoPontine tracts (Türck & Arnold)

A image thumb
28

Where is the termination of the prothopathic tracts from the head region in the Thalamus?

VPM

29

Projection from the MD nucleus of thalamus?

Frontal lobe

30

In which Thalamic nuclei is the termination of the cerebellothalamic tract?

VA/VL

31

The striatonigral pathway is_______ to the substantial nigra. 

Inhibitory

32

Where can you find an agranular cortex?

In motor cortex

(In an agranular cortex layer 3 and 5 are prominent)

33

Basket cells are ______ interneurons in the cerebellar cortex.

Inhibitory

34

Alpha-motorneurons are______. 

Excitatory

35

Which neuron is the only excitatory cell in the cerebellar cortex?

Granular cells

36

How do you call the axons of the cerebellar granular cells? 

Parallell fibers

37

Where are the perikarya of the optic radiation? 

LGB

38

The basal nucleus of Meynert produce _____ (NT)?

Acetylcholine

39

What is the NT in the nigrostriatal tract?

Dopamine

40

What is the type of nucleus in 1?

Q image thumb

GVM

(Erdinger-Westphal)

41

Which neurotransmitter is produced in 2?

Q image thumb

Dopamine

A image thumb
42

Which funiculus of the Spinal Cord contains the pathway in 3?

Q image thumb

Lateral Funiculus

(Rubrospinal tract)

A image thumb
43

To which cranial nerve does the nucleus in 4 belong?

Q image thumb

Vagus

(lateral ala cinerea)

A image thumb
44

With what type of fibers does the pathway originating from 5 end in the cerebellar cortex?

Q image thumb

Climbing fibers

(OlivoCerebellar tract)

45

What is the type of nucleus in 6?

Q image thumb

GSS

(Spinotrigeminal)

A image thumb
46

What is the type of the nucleus in 7?

Q image thumb

SVS (taste)

(Solitary nucleus)

A image thumb
47

What is the name of the structure in 8?

Q image thumb

Int. Arcuate fibers

A image thumb
48

What is the type of information carried by the pathway in 9?

Q image thumb

Protopathic

(SpinoThalamic tract)

A image thumb
49

Where does the pathway in 10 end?

Q image thumb

Thalamus - VPL

(SpinoThalamic tract)

A image thumb
50

Input and output of LGB?

optic tract ---> LGB --> optic radiation

51

Input and output of MGB?

brachium of inf. coll --> MGB --> auditory radiation

52

What are the thalamic pain nuclei?

DM and CM