Quiz 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (20):
1

Troposphere

Lowest 10-15 km of atmosphere; most weather occurs here

2

Stratosphere

Stagnant air

3

Thermosphere

"heat"

4

Exosphere

Transitions into interplanetary space

5

Homosphere

Lowest 80 km

6

Heterosphere

Above homosphere

7

Ozone Layer

Between 15 and 48 km; source of auroras

8

Weather

Short-term atmospheric conditions for a specific area.

9

Climate

Aggregate long-term weather conditions

10

Carbon Dioxide

Has a significant influence on climate, because it absorbs thermal radiation and helps warm lower atmosphere.

11

Ozone

A molecule made up of three oxygen atoms.

12

Ionosphere

A deep layer of ions in the middle and upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere.

13

Chlorofuorocarbons (CFCs)

The most problematic chemical in the "hole" in the ozone layer.

14

Primary Pollutant

A contaminant released directly into the air.

15

Nitric Oxide

A gas that can form in water and soil as a natural by product of biological processes; it generally breaks down quickly

16

Particulates

Tiny solid particles or liquid droplets suspended in the air

17

Secondary Pollutants

Contaminants that form as a consequence of chemical reactions or other processes in the atmosphere

18

Photochemical Smog

Made up of secondary pollutants

19

Elements of Weather and Climate

1) Temperature
2) Moisture Content
3) Pressure
4) Wind

20

Coriolis Effect

All things moving over the surface of the earth appear to drift sideways