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Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (42):
1

What stage is no intention on changing behavior

pre-contemplation

2

What stage is aware problems exists but with no commitment to action

Contemplation

3

What stage is intent on taking action to address the problem

Preparation

4

What stage is active modification of behavior

Action

5

What stage is sustained change new behavior replaces old

Maintenance

6

What stage is fall back to old patterns of behavior

Relapse

7

any substance natural or artificial, other than food, that by its chemical nature alters structure or function in the living organism

drugs

8

a drug that is unlawful to possess or use

illicit drug

9

drug use that is not common within a social group and that is disapproved of by the majority, causing members of the group to take corrective action when it occurs

deviant drug use

10

the use of prescribed drugs in greater amounts than, or for purposes other than, those prescribed by a physician or dentist

drug misuse

11

the use of a substance in a manner, amounts or situation such that the drug causes problems or greatly increases the chances of problems occurring

Abuse

12

a state in which the individual uses the drug so frequently and consistently that it appears that it would be difficult for the person to get along without using the drug

drug dependence

13

What is one of the first drugs used by a typical drug user

Gateway drugs

14

Name the two drugs that are considered gateway drugs

Tobacco, Alcohol

15

Name the six routes of drug administration

1. oral
2. Insufflation (sniffing)
3. Intravenous Injection
4. Subcutaneous Injection
5. Intramuscular Injection
6. Smoking

16

Name the advantages of oral administration

usually more safe/convenient

17

Name the disadvantages of oral administration

absorption rate can be unpredictable. Slow onset of drug effect

18

Name the advantages of insufflation

liver metabolism avoided. Rapid drug effect. Reliable and convenient

19

Name the disadvantages of insufflation

Potential for nasal necrosis

20

Name the advantages of intravenous injection

liver metabolism avoided. Rapid drug effect.

21

Name the disadvantages of intravenous injection

suitable for irritating substances. increase risk of adverse effects. Potential for collapsed veins. Direct-overdose. Indirect-potential for blood-borne diseases

22

Name the advantages of subcutaneous injection

Drug absorption can be slow and constant providing a sustained drug effect

23

Name the disadvantages of subcutaneous injection

Potential for pain and necrosis from irritating substances

24

Name the advantages of intramuscular injection

Drug effects are more rapid than subcutaneous route

25

Name the disadvantages of intramuscular injection

Suitable for irritating substances. Drug absorption can be unpredictable or unusual in very obese and emaciated individuals

26

Name the advantages of smoked

liver metabolism avoided. Rapid drug effect.

27

Name the disadvantages of smoked

increased risk of direct adverse effects. potential for lung toxicity

28

Name the five risk factors in order of importance of marijuana use by adolescents

1. Having friends who use marijuana or other substance
2. Engaging in frequent fighting, stealing or other antisocial activities
3. perceiving that substance use is prevalent at your school
4. knowing adults who use marijuana or other substances
5. having a positive attitude toward marijuana use

29

Name the five protective factors in order of importance of marijuana use by adolescents

1. perceiving that there are strong sanctions against substance use at school
2. having parents as a source of social support
3. being committed to school
4. believing that religion is important and frequently attending religious services
5. Participating in two or more extracurricular activities

30

Reduced effect of a drug after repeated use

Tolerance

31

Purpose of the Harris Act of 1914

required those who “produce, import, manufacture, compound, deal in, dispense, or give away” certain drugs to register and pay a special tax
Initially controlled opium and cocaine

32

What did the Harris Act of 1914 later expand to

other federal controlled-substance regulations

33

Goal of the Harris Act of 1914

taxation of drugs to restrict commerce in opioids and cocaine to authorized physicians, pharmacists, and legitimate manufacturers

34

Goal of the Pure food and drug act 1906

drugs are pure and honestly labeled

35

What department is the Harris Act of 1914 under

U.S. Treasury Department

36

What department is the Pure food and drug act 1906 under

U.S. Department of Agriculture

37

Name the direct action on the receptor for a drug as agonist

Mimic neurotransmitters by activating the receptor

38

Name the direct action on the receptor for a drug as antagonist

Occupy neurotransmitter and prevent receptor activation

39

Name four harm reduction strategies

Needle exchange program, moderate usage, condom hand out, smoking patch

40

What does it mean to decriminalize drug use

no charges for drugs or less of a charge

41

First/Next licensure question steps

F: feelings of the client by acknowledged first above all. Begin building rapport where the client is at
A: Asses. Gather more informations
R: refer not area of expertise
E: educate
A: advocate
F: facilitate
I: intervene

42

Best licensure question

A: acknowledge client/patient begin building rapport
A: assess gather more information
S: start where the patient is at
P: protect life (of the individual and community this one is about determine/preventing danger to self and others)
I: intoxicated do not treat refer or come back
R: rule out medical issues
I: informed consent
N: non-judgmental stance
S: support patient self-determination