Based on Schell’s text (ch.1), which of thes fields shaped our understanding of thinking and reasoning
Psychology, biology, social sciences, philosophy
Which of these statements about the definition of professional reasoning is true?
Professional reasoning is like clinical reasoning but is broader in concept to include community and consultative practices
Which of the following conditions are needed to establish causation?
temporal precedence, rejection of alternative hypotheses, correlations between two constructs
Which of these statements are EMPR assumptions?
what actually happens in therapy is the result of a transaction among the therapist, the client, and the practice context;
A number of personal and practice context factors influence professional reasoning; the client and the therapy process. Some of the factors are known and some are tacit (unknown;
Therapy outcomes are affected by this nexus of factors, along with the nature of the occupational performance problem, and client’s therapy-related actions outside of therapy.
Which of the following are benefits of using reflection for professional reasoning?
More efficient reasoning
Systematic reviews are preferred over literature or narrative reviews because systematic reviews procedures minimize bias and document which studies were accessed, included, and analyzed.
A search of which of these sources may yield systematic reviews pertaining to occupational therapy
library journal databases
Answer: all of the above
Assumptions about humans, knowledge, and future influence our professional reasoning
Analyze the schematic of Hooper’s Flower Metaphor to the right. Where does the nature of humans belong in the schematic?
Based on your reading (Ch. 3 by hooper, in Schell text), which of the following approaches are valid for accessing and reflecting on our assumptions? Check all that apply
Complete this sentence: In Unsworth and Baker’s systematic review, the category with the highest number of articles of the 140 pertaining to Aim1 was about the
development of reasoning in students.
Which of these statements is false
the methods and tools to measure professional reasoning have been adequately studied
Based on the work of Verhaeghen et al. (2004) we can attend to up to four items at a time, and therfore this research supports that humans can effectively multi-task.
Perceptual filters is another way to describe assumptions
A man with Alzheimer’s can drive but if he’s by himself he gets lost. If he can drive safely when a passenger navigates (tells him when/where to turn), the man has difficulty with
Metacognition facilitates problem solving by
improving awareness of knowledge and limitations
Improving our ability to monitor and reflect.
To develop true expertise, one only needs to have a certain level of experience or practice.
Metacognition facilitates problem solving and professional reasoning
Emotion was not studied by many scientists in the twentieth centure because:
Emotion was too elusive and vague
Reason was viewed as separate from emotion and reason was worthy of scientific study, not emotion
According to Merleau-Ponty, which of the following dimension are key to understanding human embodiment?
Using the arts can help bring embodied knowledge to awareness.