Quiz 1 (Feb 15th) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 1 (Feb 15th) Deck (18):
1

Stress

Mental and physical responses to the changes in our lives

2

Eustress

a positive form of stress having a beneficial effect on health, motivation, performance, and emotional well-being

3

The hormone secreted by the Adrenal gland

The adrenal cortex—the outer part of the gland—produces hormones that are vital to life, such as cortisol (which helps regulate metabolism and helps your body respond to stress) and aldosterone (which helps control blood pressure

4

General Adaptation Syndrome

Stress response varies from person to person

P1- Alarm reaction P2- resistance P3- Exhaustion

5

Marco

Proteins and Carbohydrates (energy)

(body needs more)

6

Mirco

Vitamins & Minerals
(body needs small amounts)

7

% of water in the blood & muscles

85% in blood & 70% in muscle

8

Sympathic Nerve System


Activates the body to cope with stress/danger
fight flight syndrome-increase in blood pressure
stress hormone secretion

9

Parasympathic nervous system

Divison of automatic
Back to normalcy, homeostasis

Comparison of the sympathetic & parasympathetic

10

Repeated stress on the gastrointestinal system

Gastrointestinal effects: blood flow slowed, food in the stomach remain longer- indigestion, ulcer

11

Carbs

provides the body with energy

12

Proteins

a nutrient your body needs to grow, as well as to support and maintain your life.

They do most of the work in cells and are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body's tissues and organs. ... Enzymes carry out almost all of the thousands of chemical reactions that take place in cells.

13

Classes of Essential nutrients

water, proteins, carbs, fats, vitamins & minerals

14

Animal proteins are called

complete proteins

has all the essential amino acid

15

Unsaturated fat

type of fat containing a high proportion of fatty acid molecules with at least one double bond, considered to be healthier in the diet than saturated fat.


examples: plant products, vegetable oil, nuts & seeds & fish

16

Degeneration of the arteries due to deposit of _________

Fatty substances

17

increased neural excitability and increased heart rate during the resistance phase is activated by ___________ nervous system

Central

18

A balanced physical state?

Homeostasis (which all the body's systems function smoothly)