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Flashcards in Quiz 2 Deck (28):
1

a major disturbance of normal intellectual and social functioning involving loss of contact with reality

Psychosis

2

What does psychosis cause

Causes significant interference with social and/or occupational functioning.

3

Mechanism of action for Benzo's

Bind with receptors on GABA receptor complex
Separate binding site for barbiturates and benzodiazepines
Enhances the normally inhibitory effects of GABA

4

Name the Natural opioid

Opium, Codeine, Morphine

5

Where does Opium come from

Poppy plant

6

Name the synthetic opioid

Methadone
Meperidine
Oxycodone
Oxymorphone
Hydrocodone
Hydromorphone
Dihydrocodeine
Propoxyphene
Pentazocine
Fentanyl

7

Name the psychological effect of cannabis

Cardiovascular-increase heart rate
Pulmonary effects
Acute:Few effects on breathing
Chronic:Heavy marijuana smoking over a long period could lead to clinically significant impairment of pulmonary function

Reddening of the eyes

Dryness of the mouth and throat

8

Name the behavioral effect of cannabis

Self-administration
Studies show both animals and humans willself-administer both smoked marijuana and oral THC

Subjective effects
Euphoria, “high,” mellowness, hunger, and stimulation
Infrequent users experience similar but more intense effects compared with experienced smokers
At high THC concentrations, infrequent users may report negative effects such as mild paranoia

Food intake
Marijuana and oral THC significantly increase total daily calorie intake

Verbal behavior
Verbal exchanges decrease
nonverbal social interactions increase

9

Name the Stages of Alcohol withdrawal

Stages of withdrawal:
Stage 1: tremors, rapid heartbeat, hypertension, heavy sweating, loss of appetite, insomnia
Stage 2: hallucinations (auditory, visual, and/or tactile)
Stage 3: delusions, disorientation, delirium
Stage 4: seizures

10

When is it medically necessary for medical detox

Alcohol and Benzo

11

What medication do you use to detox from Alcohol

Benzo, disulfiram, naltrexone, acamprosate

12

What medication do you use to detox from Nicotine

Nicotine replacement, Bupropion

13

What medication do you use to detox from Opioids

Varnicline, Methadone, Buprenorphine, Naltrezone

14

What medication do you use to detox from Cocaine

Modafinil

15

What medication do you use to detox from Cannabis

Dronabinol

16

An approach that combines cognitive therapy techniques with behavioral skills training
Individuals learn to identify and change behaviors that could lead to relapse, such as associating with drug users

CBT

17

An approach in which individuals receive rewards for providing drug-free urine samples
Value of rewards increases with consecutive drug-free samples
Clients also participate in weekly skill-building sessions

Contingency Management

18

Name the two weaknesses in Contingency Management

Cost of rewards
May seem unfair to reward drug users for not using

19

Name the Chronic toxicity

Brain tissue loss and cognitive impairment
Heart disease:
Liver disease

20

Name the acute toxicity

Alcohol overdose

21

Name the 5 signs of opioid withdrawl

1. Craving the drug/anxiety
2. Yawning, perspiration, running nose, teary eyes
3. Increase in above signs plus pupil dilation, goose bumps, tremors, hot and cold flashes, aching bones and muscles, loss of appetite
4. Increased intensity of above, plus insomnia; raised blood pressure; increased temperature, pulse rate, respiratory rate and depth; restlessness; nausea
5. Increased intensity of above, plus curled-up position, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, spontaneous ejaculation or orgasm, hemoconcentration, increased blood sugar

22

Drugs that block the action of opioids

Antagonist

23

Name an antagonist

Narcan

24

Name the two types of agonist

Endogenous opioids and opioid drugs

25

Affective domain focuses on emotions and attitudes, which may underlie some drug use

Affective prevention

26

Name the smoking effects

Lung cancer
Cardiovascular disease
Chronic obstructive lung diseases
including emphysema

27

Drugs that have the same basic idol structure of the neurotransmitter serotonin

Idole (psychedelic)

28

Drugs that have the same basic catechol structure of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine

catechol (amphetamines)