Quiz 3 - All you wanted to know and MORE about Chapter 18!-P Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 3 - All you wanted to know and MORE about Chapter 18!-P Deck (76):
1

ADL stands for

Activities of Daily Living

2

ADLs are an area of occupational ____________

performance

3

ADLs comprise meaningful activities that encompass _______.

self-care

4

What 2 (centered) approaches are integral to the OT process?

Client-centered and Family-centered

5

OT practitioners working in peds must possess knowledge of the theory and principles of ______ and understand the dynamics of the child and family.

intervention

6

Using a _______ enhances occupational performance outcomes

collaberative team approach

7

Occupations shared by at least two individuals

co-occupations

8

A regular example of a co-occupation

a parent calming his or her child

9

__________ of the environment in early childhood is essential for optimal sensory and motor development.

Exploration

10

The OT practitioner completes an _________ to better understand the child's strengths and weaknesses.

occupational profile

11

What 3 things does the OT practitioner consider when planning an intervention?

the child's FAMILY, Culture, and environment

12

Guidelines to Design Interventions to Address ADL performance (Future will be called simply Guidelines): Review the occupational profile, including ________.

goals and recommendations

13

guidelines to do what again?

to design interventions to address ADL performance

14

Guidelines: Ensure all ________ are taken into consideration during intervention planning and implementation

contraindications - prevent harm

15

Guidelines: Be comfortable explaining _______ in non technical terms to the client and/or family

the role of the OTA

16

Guidelines: Use ___________ during interventions

universal precautions

17

Guidelines: Address the ______ and ______ that enable children to be successful in participating in occupations such as ADLs.

performance deficits and environmental modifications

18

Guidelines: for what again?

to design interventions to address ADL performance

19

Guidelines: Encourage _______ client participation, and involve caregivers.

active

20

Guidelines: Remember that the pediatric OT process is a ________ one and that ____________ to the intervention plan may be indicated over time.

dynamic
alterations

21

Guidelines: Consult with the supervising OT, the client and the team throughout the OT process regarding _______ and _____.

goals and progress

22

Guidelines: Document _____ clearly.

progress

23

Guidelines: Report any concerns about the intervention process to the ________.

Supervising OT

24

Guidelines: Utilize available professional ______ for assistance.

resources

25

Guidelines: Collaborate with all team members during ____ to ensure that the consistency of care will continue.

discharge planning

26

Infants and toddlers are at the beginning stages of _________ in that they are just learning the purposes and functions of objects and activities.

concept development

27

For children & adolescents who may have difficulties with bathing and showering, the OT practitioner begins with an analysis of the client's strength and areas for growth...where would this be obtained?

from the occupational profile

28

These types of techniques include UE therapeutic exercises and therapeutic exercises to increase active participation and independence

remediation

29

Give an example of grading in the bath or shower...

higher shelves to reach for

30

what would be a preparatory activity for someone with low muscle tone?

stimulatory activities such as vibration

31

What would be a preparatory activity for clients with spasticity?

calming tasks

32

___ increases mm tone

cold

33

What is a preparatory activity by the way?

Help get the client ready for purposeful activity

34

The OT practitioner encourages the client to initiate the first step and complete the process as much as possible before the OT practititoner completes the process. The OT practitioner repeats the steps until the client completes them all

Forward chaining

35

The OT practitioner assists the client until the last step of the process and then allows the client to perform the last step; the OT practitioner repeats the process allowing the client to complete the next to last step and the last step until the client completes them all

Backward chaining

36

The primary assumption of the ________ approach is the belief that a patient can regain independence using compensation when underlying deficits cannot be remediated - uses a lot of adaptations

compensatory

37

Computer-simulated programs for self-care tasks that may assist children succeed in performing ADLs

Assistive Technology

38

In addition to remediation, what other technique might the OT include during intervention?

compensatory techniques - think of adapting

39

This type of management encompasses both the voluntary control of the bladder and bowl movements as well as the utilization of alternative methods, including the use of equipment, to support bladder control.

bowel and bladder management

40

Strategies for Children who have sensory processing issues (Future - Sensory) - Wash new clothes in ____ before having the child wear them

familiar detergent

41

Strategies: Use detergent with mild or no ______.

fragrance

42

Strategies: Allow the child to pick is or her ______.

Nose

Teasing - clothing is the answer

43

Strategies: Be sensitive about the waist bands, wrist bands, and ______ region

neck

44

Strategies: Cut out _______ completely before the child wears the clothes

tags

45

Strategies: Some people prefer _______ clothes and others like new ones

gently used

46

Not all children will prefer ______ clothing - some may like tighter fitting clothing

loose fitting

47

be aware of each child's individual ________ preferences

clothing

48

Ask children to express themselves through ________ and styles of clothing

colors

49

This includes the ability to maintain and control food in the mouth as well as swallowing.

eating

50

ADs stand for

assistive devices

51

AEs stand for

adaptive equipment

52

Swallowing is a specialized area in ____.

OT

53

Techniques to promote swallowing in children and adolescents (Swallowing Techniques)

Freebie

54

Swallowing Techniques: Position infants in _______ position

semi-reclined

55

Swallowing Techniques: Position toddler and teens in ______ position

upright (with neck slightly forward)

56

Swallowing Techniques: provide ____ stimulation to children who have low oral-motor musculature

oral motor

57

Swallowing Techniques: Vibration, quick stroking (____where?) may improve swallowing

above lip, on cheeks

58

Swallowing Techniques: For infants with swallowing difficulties, provide _____ control to improve ability to suck on the bottle.

jaw control

59

Swallowing techniques: Provide __ control to help toddlers and adolescents swallow.

jaw

60

Swallowing Techniques: ___ liquids are easier for most children to control & swallow

thicker

61

Swallowing Techniques: T/F - force children to put things into their mouth

F

62

Swallowing Techniques: Encourage children to suck on ______ or something sour

ice pop

63

Swallowing techniques: provide a ___ setting for the child

calm

64

Swallowing techinques: T/F - talk to the child while feeding

F

65

Work ____ with the child.

slowly/patiently

66

Promote tongue __________ by encouraging the child to reach both sides of the mouth for food.

lateralization

67

This skill involves the set-up, arrangement, and movement of food items and/fluids from a dish/plate or cup/glass to one's mouth

Feeding

68

These skills support planning for the sequential events involved in self-feeding.

ideational praxis

69

DCD stands for

developmental coordination disorder

70

This type of mobility is defined as "moving from one position or place to another during performance of everyday activities, such as in-bed mobility, wheelchair mobility or transfers.

functional mobility

71

This type of promotion is intervention that seeks to creat and promote activity in the context of daily life

Health promotion

72

This type of care is defined as using, cleaning, and maintaining personal care items such as hearing aids, contact lenses, glasses, orthotics, prosthetics, adaptive equip, and contraceptive and sexual devices

personal device care

73

This is defined as obtaining and using supplies, washing, drying, combing, styling, brushing, trimming hair, caring for nails, caring for skin, eyes, ears, nose, applying deoderant, cleaning mouth, brushing and flossing.

personal hygiene/grooming

74

This type of activity is defined as engagement in activities that result in sexual satisfaction

sexual activity

75

A period of inactivity in which one may or may not suspend consciousness

sleep/rest

76

obtaining and using supplies, clothing managment, maintaining toileting position...everything to do with toileting....

toilet hygiene