Quiz 3 Chapter 16 B Nose, Mouth, and Throat Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 3 Chapter 16 B Nose, Mouth, and Throat Deck (50):
1


what nerves control the gag reflex?


IX (9), X (10)

glossopharyngeal and vagus

2


what nerve causes a midline tongue?


CN XII (12)

3


CN XII is also known as?


the hypoglossal nerve

4


what is halitosis?


breath odor

5


diabetic ketoacidosis

has what kind of breath odor?


sweet, fruity

6


ammonia

has what kind of breath odor?

uremia

7


liver disease

has what kind of breath odor?

musty

8


dental or respiratory infections

have what kind of breath odor?

foul, fetid

9

alcohol ingestion or chemical

has what kind of breath odor?

alcohol

10


diphtheria

has what kind of breath odor?


mouse-like

11

choanal atresia

symptoms

bony or membranous septum between the nasal cavity and the pharynx

12


what causes choanal atresia?


abnormal septum

13


epistaxis

symptoms

nosebleed

14


what is the most common site of a nosebleed?


Kiesselbach's plexus

15

small boil located in the skin or mucous membrane

red and swollen, painful

furuncle

16

clear, watery discharge (later purulent)

sneezing

dark red, swollen turbinates

acute rhinitis

17

rhinorrhea

itching of the nose/eyes

lacrimation

pale, smooth, glistening turbinates


allergic rhinitis

symptoms

18

facial pain
red swollen nasal mucosa, swollen turbinates, purulent discharge
fever, chills, malaise


sinusitis

symptoms

19


with maxillary sinusitis, where is the pain located?


cheeks and teeth on the same side

20


with frontal sinusitis, where is the pain located?


above the supraorbital ridge

21

nasal polyps

causes


overgrowth of mucosa

22


where is a common site for nasal polyps


middle meatus

23


absence of a sense of smell

a "valve that moves" in the nose when the person breathes

nasal polyps

symptoms

24


gray white, nontender

bloody unilateral discharge


carcinoma

symptoms

25


cleft lip is highest in what groups of people?

American Indian

Japanese

26


cold sores


Herpes Simplex I

symptoms

27

stomatitis, perleche

erythema, scaling, shallow and painful fissures at the corners of the mouth


angular cheilitis

symptoms

28

angular cheilitis

causes


excessive salivation

Candida infections

29

round, well-defined translucent nodule

pocket of mucus that forms when a dict of a minor salivary gland ruptures

retention cyst

mucocele

symptoms

30


nontender, fibrous nodule of the gum

epulis

31

epulis

cause


inflammatory response to injury or hemorrhage

32

gingival hyperplasia

symptoms

painless enlargement of the gums

33

gingival hyperplasia

causes


puberty
pregnancy
leukemia
long therapetuic use of phyntoin

34

gingivitis

symptoms


red, swollen, bleed easily

35


gingivitis

causes

poor dental hygiene

vitamin C deficiency

pregnancy & puberty

36

caker sore

vesicle then a small round PUNCHED OUT ulcer with white base surrounded by red halo

aphthous ulcers

symptoms

37


small blue-white spots

irregular halo

scattered over mucosa opposite the molars

Koplik's spots

symptoms

38


white, thick, raised patch
well defined borders
lesion is firmly attached & does not scrape off


Leukoplakia

39

white, cheesy curdlike patch on buccal mucosa and tongue

scrapes off, leaving raw, red surface that bleeds

"thrush"

candidiasis

monial infection

40

candidiasis

causes


antibiotics, corticosteroids

immunosuppressed prsons

41


short lingual frenulum


ankyloglossia

symptoms

42

deep furrows divide the papillae into small irregular rows

vertical/longitudinal fissures

fissures/scrotal tongue

symptoms

43

fissures/scrotal tongue

causes

dehydration

Down Syndrome

aging

44

normal coating interspersed with bright, red, shiny, circular bald areas with raised pearly borders

geographic tongue/migratory glossitis

symptoms

45

smooth, glossy tongue

causes

vitamin B12 deficiency

folic acid deficiency

iron deficiency

46

black hairy tongue

causes


antibiotic use

47

enlarged tongue/macroglossia

causes

Down syndrome
Cretinism
Myxedema
Acromegaly

48


ulcer with rolled edges
indurated
occurs particularly at the sides, base, under tongue


carcinoma

49

bruiselike, dark red or violet, confluent macule

usually occurs on the hard palate


Oral Kaposi's sarcoma

50

bright red throat
swollen tonsils
white/yellow exudate on tonsils and pharynx
swollen uvula

acute tonsillitis

pharyngitis