Flashcards in Quiz 3 review Deck (40):
What are vitamins?
essential nutrients your body needs in small amounts to grow, reproduce & maintain good health
What are minerals?
inorganic elements needed in small amounts
How are minerals categorized?
as Major or Trace.
Do vitamins and minerals provide energy?
What is the recommended limit for sodium consumption each day?
There is a direct relationship between blood pressure and what?
What is blood pressure?
a measure of the force your blood exerts against the walls of your arteries.
What is the target range for blood pressure?
120/80 or less
Blood pressure is also known as what?
Hypertension is defined as having a blood pressure of what?
140/90 or greater
77% of American consumption of sodium comes from what?
Boosting your intake of what nutrient can lower your intake of sodium and can act as a substitute for it as well?
hat is the Adequate Intake Level for potassium per day?
The DASH diet is rich in what nutrients?
Potassium, calcium, and magnesium.
What nutrients contribute the most to bone health?
Calcium and vitamin D
Consuming recommended amounts of calcium and Vitamin D reduce odds of developing what disease?
What is the primary vitamin D source for Americans?
A Listeria infection can lead to what?
Uncooked eggs might contain what harmful bacteria?
How long should you wash your hands for?
What is a standard drink defined as?
A 122 oz beer, a 1.5 oz shot of liquor, or a 5 oz glass of wine.
How is moderate consumption of alcohol defined?
One standard drink for women per day and up to 2 standard drinks for men per day.
What increases the risk of breast, liver, head, neck, and colon cancer?
How much alcohol is metabolized per hour on average?
How does alcohol increase risk of breast cancer in women?
By increasing levels of estrogen
Alcohol negatively effects bone-strengthening hormones, which leads to a greater risk for what?
What is the first stage of Alcoholic liver disease called?
Which stage of Alcoholic Liver Disease can be reversed if alcohol consumption is stopped/paused?
Stage 1: Fatty Liver
What is the second stage of Alcoholic Liver Disease?
What is stage three of Alcoholic Liver Disease called?
On average, how many Americans die from Alcoholic Liver Disease each year?
What toxin can have harmful effects on the CNS of a developing baby?
Women trying to conceive should consume no more than how much caffeine per day/
What nutrient helps the fetus/baby to mature, develop, and grow?
Recommended weight gain during pregnancy is based on what?
BMI prior to conception
Pregnant women need to consume how many additional calories per day during the second trimester?
A woman who just gave birth will begin a period of what?
Breast milk contains hormones such as what?
prolactin and oxytocin
What is the first type of breastmilk called that is produced in the first 3-5 days and is rich in protein, vitamin A, and minerals?