Quiz 3 review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 3 review Deck (40):
1

What are vitamins?

essential nutrients your body needs in small amounts to grow, reproduce & maintain good health

2

What are minerals?

inorganic elements needed in small amounts

3

How are minerals categorized?

as Major or Trace.

4

Do vitamins and minerals provide energy?

No

5

What is the recommended limit for sodium consumption each day?

2300 mg

6

There is a direct relationship between blood pressure and what?

Sodium

7

What is blood pressure?

a measure of the force your blood exerts against the walls of your arteries.

8

What is the target range for blood pressure?

120/80 or less

9

Blood pressure is also known as what?

Hypertension

10

Hypertension is defined as having a blood pressure of what?

140/90 or greater

11

77% of American consumption of sodium comes from what?

Processed foods

12

Boosting your intake of what nutrient can lower your intake of sodium and can act as a substitute for it as well?

Potassium

13

hat is the Adequate Intake Level for potassium per day?

4700 mg

14

The DASH diet is rich in what nutrients?

Potassium, calcium, and magnesium.

15

What nutrients contribute the most to bone health?

Calcium and vitamin D

16

Consuming recommended amounts of calcium and Vitamin D reduce odds of developing what disease?

Osteoporosis

17

What is the primary vitamin D source for Americans?

Sunlight

18

A Listeria infection can lead to what?

Meningitis

19

Uncooked eggs might contain what harmful bacteria?

Salmonella

20

How long should you wash your hands for?

20 seconds

21

What is a standard drink defined as?

A 122 oz beer, a 1.5 oz shot of liquor, or a 5 oz glass of wine.

22

How is moderate consumption of alcohol defined?

One standard drink for women per day and up to 2 standard drinks for men per day.

23

What increases the risk of breast, liver, head, neck, and colon cancer?

Alcohol

24

How much alcohol is metabolized per hour on average?

1/2 oz

25

How does alcohol increase risk of breast cancer in women?

By increasing levels of estrogen

26

Alcohol negatively effects bone-strengthening hormones, which leads to a greater risk for what?

Osteoporosis

27

What is the first stage of Alcoholic liver disease called?

Fatty Liver

28

Which stage of Alcoholic Liver Disease can be reversed if alcohol consumption is stopped/paused?

Stage 1: Fatty Liver

29

What is the second stage of Alcoholic Liver Disease?

Alcoholic hepatitis

30

What is stage three of Alcoholic Liver Disease called?

Cirrhosis

31

On average, how many Americans die from Alcoholic Liver Disease each year?

Around 12,000

32

What toxin can have harmful effects on the CNS of a developing baby?

Methylmercury

33

Women trying to conceive should consume no more than how much caffeine per day/

200 mg

34

What nutrient helps the fetus/baby to mature, develop, and grow?

Folic acid

35

Recommended weight gain during pregnancy is based on what?

BMI prior to conception

36

Pregnant women need to consume how many additional calories per day during the second trimester?

340 calories

37

A woman who just gave birth will begin a period of what?

Lactation

38

Breast milk contains hormones such as what?

prolactin and oxytocin

39

What is the first type of breastmilk called that is produced in the first 3-5 days and is rich in protein, vitamin A, and minerals?

Colostrum

40

Infants ____ birthweight by 4-6 months and _____ birthweight by one year.

Double, triple