Quiz 7 Reverse Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology III > Quiz 7 Reverse > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 7 Reverse Deck (30):
1

1. Quinolone abx2. SSRIs3. Decongestants4. Dopamine agonists5. Ethanal6. Oral contraceptives7. Thyroid meds

What meds can cause insomnia?

2

1. Ambien (Zolpidem)2. Sonata (Zaleplon)3. Lunesta (Eszopiclone)No effect on sleep stages

Non-Benzos for sleep

3

Lunesta (Eszopiclone) & XR Ambien (Zolpidem)

Which non-benzos can you use long-term for sleep?

4

1. Restoril - Temazepam2. ProSom - Estazolam3. Dalmane - Flurazepam4. Doral - Quazepam5. Halcion - Triazolam

What are the benzos for sleep?

5

1. Dec. sleep latency2. Dec. awakenings3. REM shortened4. # of REM cycles inc. 5. Sleep time inc.

Benzo sleep aids affects on stages?

6

Obstructive sleep apnea

Contraindications to benzo sleep aids?

7

Melatonin receptor agonist1. Dec. testosterone2. Inc. prolactin3. Dec. libido4. Disruption of meses

ADRs Rozerem

8

1. Nytol - Diphenhydramine2. NiteTime Sleep Aid - Doxylamine Only work if Pt sensitive, can develop tolerance

OTC Sleep aids

9

Anaphylaxis & angioedemaSleep driving, telephone calls, cooking & eating

What is the FDA warning with sleep aids?

10

1. Benzos2. Opiates3. Antipsychotics4. Alcohol

What drugs should you avoid with epilepsy?

11

1. Provigil - Modafinil2. Ritalin - Methylphenidate3. Dexedrine - Amphetamines Inc. dopamine levels at synaptic cleft

What are the Eugeroics for sleep apnea & how do they work?

12

1. Cardiac Pts2. HTN - careful3. Psych Pts4. Kiddos

Who shouldn't take Eugeroics?

13

REM sleep-suppressing drugs NE or SSRIs1. Venlaxafine2. Fluoxetine3. Atomoxetine4. Sodium oxybate

Tx for cataplexy?

14

1. Check iron2. Moderate regular exercise3. Leg massage w/ pneumatic compression4. Heat5. Mental alerting activities at times of rest/boredom6. Avoid aggravating factors

Non- pharm Tx for restless legs

15

1. Dopamine agonists (Requip, Mirapex)2. Benzos (Diazepam, Clonazepam)3. Alpha-2-delta Ca channel ligands (Gabapentin, Pregabalin)

Meds to Tx restless legs

16

1. Requip (Ropinirole)2. Mirapex (Pramipexole)

What are the dopamine agonists for restless legs?

17

1. Normal distribution btwn ECF & ICF2. Accumulation w/in interstitial components 3. Accumulation in parts of body where it's not available for exchange btwn compartments

Describe the 3 compartments for fluids

18

Substance in soln can diffuse through semipermeable membrane Electrolyte containing soln made to match the biochemical & osmotic features of the plasma

Crystalloid IVF

19

Soln that contain high molecular wt proteins & electrolytesUnable to diffuse through normal capillary membranes-Used for 3rd compartmentalizing-Salt, sugar & water

Colloids IVF

20

1. 0.9% sodium chloride2. Lactated ringers

What are the standard isotonic IVF?

21

1. 0.45% sodium chloride2. 5% dextrose solution

What are the standard Hypotonic IVF?

22

1. 3% sodium chloride - needs intense monitoring2. 5/25% albumin - big pull from intracellular space w/ possible cell damage

What are the standard Hypertonic IVF?

23

Na - 154Osm - 304

Sodium & Osmolarity of 0.9% sodium chloride solution?

24

<130

At what level do you begin correcting for hyponatremia?

25

1. Thiamine - B12. Riboflavin - B23. Niacin - B34. Calcium pantothenate - B55. Pyridoxine - B66. Cyanocobalamin - B127. Ascorbic acid - C

What are the water soluble vitamins?

26

Pyridoxine - B6

What vitamin plays a big role in neuronal excitability?

27

1. Retinol - A2. Cholecalciferol - D3. Tocopherol - E4. Phytonadione - K

Fat soluble vitamins?

28

Free radical defense & antioxidative

What does selenium do?

29

1. Antimuscarinics - Ditropan (Oxybutynin)2. Adrenergic agonists - Myrbetriq (Mirabegron)3. Imipramine (Tofranil)4. Botox

Types of drugs for urinary incontinence

30

Antimuscarinic for urinary incontinence1. Angle-closure glaucoma2. Gastric retention

Contraindications for Oxybutynin