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RUSVM Special Species- Summer '18 > Rabbits- Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rabbits- Final Deck (66)
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1

What type of digestive system do lagomorphs have?

Hindgut fermenting herbivore

2

What is a female and male bunny called?

Female: doe

Male: buck

3

How long is the gestation period?

30-33 days

4

What is the #1 cancer in female rabbits?

Uterine cancer

5

T/F: Rabbits can be re-impregnated the day that their litters are born

TRUE

Post-partum estrus allows for this to happen

6

T/F: Bunny's teeth never stop growing

TRUE

Should be cut every 4-6 weeks

7

What is a cecotrope?

Night stools

Circadian rhythm with early morning/night production- provides B vitamins and amino acids produced by bacteria in the cecum

You shouldn't see these left over in the morning

8

What is the difference in the color in urine if calciuria or porphyrins are present?

Calciuria: chalky white (excreting a lot of Ca)

Porphyrins: rusty orange

9

T/F: pH of rabbit urine is naturally acidic

FALSE

Naturally alkaline

10

What is the dx and what can the problem in the image be caused by?

This is pododermatitis

Caused by wirecage bottoms-hard on the rabbits feet

11

T/F: Rabbits can vomit- so if they eat too much cat litter in their litter box they will throw it up to prevent impaction

FALSE (all sorts of wrong)

Rabbits CAN'T vomit (similar to horses right?)

DON'T use clay litter- PAPER PRODUCTS ONLY (bunnies aren't tree huggers)

Clay litter --> impactions (bad news)

12

What is shown in the picture?

Urine scald

Rabbits urinate A LOT (1-2x/day) that is high in ammonia- can be damaging to their skin

Clean butt is a happy bunny

13

When restraining a bunny- what should always be supported in order to prevent ____ fractures?

Always support lower back

Lumbar fractures (L6=most common)

14

What are good venipuncture sites in rabbits?

Lateral saphenous (best)

Ear vein

Jugular/cephalic- not best option because can't breathe well

15

What are the two most common routes of fluid administration?

PO and SQ

16

What drug can cause this problem?

Diazepam

17

What is a fatal side effect if the wrong antibiotic is used in rabbits?

Bacterial dysbiosis in the gut (fatal diarrhea)

18

What are two toxin producing bacteria found in rabbits?

E. coli

Clostridium spiroforme

19

What Ab are good choices for rabbits?

Quinolones

Sulfa drugs

Chloramphenicol

Penicillin

Metronidazole

Azithromycin

20

What Ab are bad choices for rabbits?

Beta-lactams

Cefalosporins

Oral penicillins

Mycin family (lincomycin, clindamycin, erythromycin)

21

If a rabbit is presented w/ no interest in food, what should you suspect?

This rabbit is most likely painful

may also be hiding, hunched over or not moving

22

What are the NSAID's and Opioids that are used in rabbits?

NSAID's: carprofen, ketoprofen, meloxicam

Opioids: buprenorphine, torbugesic, hydromorphone

23

What are you at risk of tearing when spaying a rabbit if you go too far cranial?

Risk of tearing the cecum (black thin walled structure)

Always stay caudal to umbilicus (landmark)

24

What is another name for the ileo-cecal valve?

Sacculus rotundus

25

What is the name of the intestinal pacemaker- sets intestinal motility under hormonal influence?

Fusiform coli

26

What is the driving force for motility in the GI tract?

Insoluble Fiber

 

Remember insoluble fiber is not a direct nutrient however!

27

How long after feeding are cecotrophs typically seen?

4 hours post-feeding

 

rabbits are gross and eat these as they come out 

28

Cecotrophs are stimulated and reduced by what diet factors?

Stimulated: high fiber 

Reduced: high protein

 

alafalfa is high in protein-avoid feeding too much of this

29

What is the recommended diet for a rabbit?

High fiber, low carbs, grass hay

30

What is .a common GI disorder seen in rabbits?

Generalized ileus (GI stasis)