What type of digestive system do lagomorphs have?
Hindgut fermenting herbivore
What is a female and male bunny called?
How long is the gestation period?
What is the #1 cancer in female rabbits?
T/F: Rabbits can be re-impregnated the day that their litters are born
Post-partum estrus allows for this to happen
T/F: Bunny's teeth never stop growing
Should be cut every 4-6 weeks
What is a cecotrope?
Circadian rhythm with early morning/night production- provides B vitamins and amino acids produced by bacteria in the cecum
You shouldn't see these left over in the morning
What is the difference in the color in urine if calciuria or porphyrins are present?
Calciuria: chalky white (excreting a lot of Ca)
Porphyrins: rusty orange
T/F: pH of rabbit urine is naturally acidic
What is the dx and what can the problem in the image be caused by?
This is pododermatitis
Caused by wirecage bottoms-hard on the rabbits feet
T/F: Rabbits can vomit- so if they eat too much cat litter in their litter box they will throw it up to prevent impaction
FALSE (all sorts of wrong)
Rabbits CAN'T vomit (similar to horses right?)
DON'T use clay litter- PAPER PRODUCTS ONLY (bunnies aren't tree huggers)
Clay litter --> impactions (bad news)
What is shown in the picture?
Rabbits urinate A LOT (1-2x/day) that is high in ammonia- can be damaging to their skin
Clean butt is a happy bunny
When restraining a bunny- what should always be supported in order to prevent ____ fractures?
Always support lower back
Lumbar fractures (L6=most common)
What are good venipuncture sites in rabbits?
Lateral saphenous (best)
Jugular/cephalic- not best option because can't breathe well
What are the two most common routes of fluid administration?
PO and SQ
What drug can cause this problem?
What is a fatal side effect if the wrong antibiotic is used in rabbits?
Bacterial dysbiosis in the gut (fatal diarrhea)
What are two toxin producing bacteria found in rabbits?
What Ab are good choices for rabbits?
What Ab are bad choices for rabbits?
Mycin family (lincomycin, clindamycin, erythromycin)
If a rabbit is presented w/ no interest in food, what should you suspect?
This rabbit is most likely painful
may also be hiding, hunched over or not moving
What are the NSAID's and Opioids that are used in rabbits?
NSAID's: carprofen, ketoprofen, meloxicam
Opioids: buprenorphine, torbugesic, hydromorphone
What are you at risk of tearing when spaying a rabbit if you go too far cranial?
Risk of tearing the cecum (black thin walled structure)
Always stay caudal to umbilicus (landmark)
What is another name for the ileo-cecal valve?
What is the name of the intestinal pacemaker- sets intestinal motility under hormonal influence?
What is the driving force for motility in the GI tract?
Remember insoluble fiber is not a direct nutrient however!
How long after feeding are cecotrophs typically seen?
4 hours post-feeding
rabbits are gross and eat these as they come out
Cecotrophs are stimulated and reduced by what diet factors?
Stimulated: high fiber
Reduced: high protein
alafalfa is high in protein-avoid feeding too much of this
What is the recommended diet for a rabbit?
High fiber, low carbs, grass hay
What is .a common GI disorder seen in rabbits?
Generalized ileus (GI stasis)