Race & Ethnicity Flashcards Preview

SOC 101 > Race & Ethnicity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Race & Ethnicity Deck (20):
1

Race

- A group sharing apparent physical traits deemed by society to be socially significant
- is a social concept, socially significant
- Genetic differences very small

2

Ethnicity

- The attribution of characteristics to groups of people who share a common cultural (including religion) heritage

3

Social Construction of Race

-

4

One Drop Rule

- any person with even one ancestor of sub saharan african descent is black

5

Prejudice

- A belief about an individual or group that is not subject to change on the basis of evidence
- Inflexible attitudes toward others

6

Discrimination
Individual
Institutional
Redlining

- unequal treatment of individuals based on their membership of a group
- intentional unequal treatment often based on prejudice
- unequal treatment that has become a part of the routine operations of a business, school, hospital, or government.
Redlining: banks refusing mortgages in certain areas

7

Stereotypes

- Generalizing a set of characteristics to all members of the group

8

White Privilege

- white people shaped their own history
- everything features white people on it
- don't have to worry about affirmative action
- race won't be a hindrance to getting medical or legal help

9

Anti-miscegenation

Laws that enforce racial segregation at the level of marriage and intimate relationships

10

Race and Health Disparities

- blacks typically have worse health, low birth rate, higher infant mortality, and higher chances of premature birth
- race trumps other identified predictors of health such as age, income, and education

11

Racial and Ethnic Groups in the US

- American indians
- African Americans
- Latinos (mexican and cuban)
- Asian Americans
- Arab Americans

12

Supreme Court cases related to race

- Shelly v Kramer: racial covenants in property deeds were unconstitutional
- Loving v Virginia: married in DC, moved to virginia, arrested for interracial marriage

13

Expulsion

The forcible removal of a population

14

Segregation

The physical and social separation of different groups of people
- social = gerrymandering (drawing voting lines to include blacks all in one district to limit influence)

15

Assimilation

The absorption of a minority group into the dominant color
- melting pot

16

Genocide

The planned killing of a group of people

17

Minority

Group that lacks power

18

Cultural Pluralism

- coexistence of different racial/cultural/ethnic groups with no one being dominant
- Salad bowl
- Respect for one another

19

Can you discriminate without prejudice?

Yes, structure causing certain people to attend certain schools, or the casual use of slurs gay/retard

20

Cultural Appropriation

assume the culture and don't recognize the significance attached to it
redskins, seminoles, fortune cookies, halloween costumes