Rad L1: Introduction To Articular Disease Flashcards Preview

CHI303:clinical Science And Diagnosis > Rad L1: Introduction To Articular Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rad L1: Introduction To Articular Disease Deck (8):
0

What are the general categories of joint disease?

-degenerative
-inflammatory
-metabolic

1

What are the categories of degenerative disease?

-primary or secondary
-erosive
-neutrophic joint (charcots joint)
-spondylosis vs spondylosis deformans
-intervertebral osteochondrosis (IVOC) vs. degenerative disc disease (DDD)
-arthrosis:facet, uncovertebral, costovertebral, costotransvers
-diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperstosis (DISH)
-ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL)

2

Categories of inflammatory disease?

-rheumatoid type (seropositive)
>rheumatoid
>juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA)
-seronegative
>ankylosing spondylitis
>reiter's
>psoriatic
> inflammatory bowel (Enteropathic)
– Connecting tissue
>systemic lupus erythema toss (SLE)
> scleroderma– Progressive systemic cystosis
– Infection (septic arthritis)

3

What are the two categories of crystal disease?

– Metabolic (intra-articular)
calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD)
– Metabolic (peri-articular deposition) hydroxyapatite deposition disease (HADD)
Gout

4

What are the Roentgen signs of degenerative joint disease?

– Non-uniform loss of joint space
-osteophytes formation
– subchondral sclerosis
– subchondral cysts
– asymmetric distribution

5

What are the Roentgen signs of inflammatory joint disease?

– Periarticular soft tissue swelling
– uniform loss of joint space
– bone erosion
– subchondral bone destruction
– Juxtaaricular osteoporosis
– Periostitis
– mono/Polyarticular

6

What are the Roentgen signs of metabolic joint disease?

– Periarticular soft tissue mass
– well Marginated bone lesion
– preservation of joint space (if periarticular)
– overlapping degenerative/inflammatory findings
– intra/periarticular calcification

7

Define periostitis

Elevation of the periosteum results in localised periosteal new bone and is seen in inflammatory arthritides