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Block 6 - Renal > Radiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Radiology Deck (10):
1

What are the 6 common indications for intravenous pyelography?

urinary calculi
urinary obstruction - can see hydronephrosis
hematuria
delineating ureteral anatomy
recurrent UTIs (stones, variant anatomy? - can see horseshoe)
renal mass

2

What are the 4 common indications for retrograde pyelography?

hematuria, unexplained after IVP
ureteral mass
poor visualization of ureter on IVP
during urologic stone retrieval

3

Can an IVP distinguish between a cyst or a malignancy as a mass?

no - get an US or CT

4

What are the 5 common indications for a cystogram?

voiding dysfunction
incontinence
vesicoureteral reflux
urethral diverticulum or other pathology
bladder (or ureteral) trauma

5

What are the 3 common indications for a retrograde urethrogram?

urethral stricture
poor voiding stream
urethral trauma

6

What are the common indications for an abdominal ultrasound in the urinary tract?

increasing creatinine/renal failure
suspected renal obstruction
possible renal mass
hematuria
possible renal cyst

7

What do cysts and malignancies look like on ultrasound?

cysts are black
malignancies are same grey as organs

8

What are the 2 common indications for renal nuclear medicine scans?

renal artery stenosis
establishing degree of renal function per kidney

9

What are the 3 common indications for renal angiography?

renal artery stenosis
renal artery aneurysm or AV fistula
renal artery trauma

10

What is the test of choice for:
a. renal failure
b. renal/ureteral colic
c. non acute kidney stone
d. possible lucent kidney stone
e. solid renal mass
f. renal abscess
g. hematuria
h. hematuria, unexplained after IVP
i. bladder trauma
j. ureteral trauma

a. renal ultrasound
b. CT without contrast
c. KUB
d. CT without contrast
e. CT with/without contrast
f. CT with/without contrast
g. IVP
h. RGPG
i. cystogram
j. retrograde urethrogram