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Flashcards in Random Renal Things Deck (21)
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1

What rabbit disease causes neurologic and renal disease?

Encephalitozoon cuniculi

2

What is a common renal disease of hamsters?

Amyloidosis

3

How do you treat amyloidosis in hamsters?

No effective tx

4

What animals have a renal portal system?

Reptiles

5

What is a renal portal system?

Blood from caudal half of body passes through kidney before going to the heart

6

What drug can you NOT give a reptile in the caudal half of its body?

Aminoglycosides (gentamicin) are nephrotoxic

7

What diet will predispose an iguana to renal failure?

High protein

8

What are clinical signs of renal failure in an iguana?

Episcleral injection, swelling of pharyngeal region, pain on abd palpation

9

Do snakes have a bladder?

No

10

A bird with a hx of PD, wt loss, and progressive unilateral leg lameness might have what disease?

Renal adenocarcinoma

11

Why does a renal adenocarcinoma cause progressive unilateral leg lameness in birds?

Compression on ischiatic nerve

12

What causes visceral gout?

Urate crystal accumulation d/t renal damage or severe dehydration

13

What is the most common cause of pyelonephritis in cows?

E. coli, Corynebacterium renale

14

What are clinical signs of pyelonephritis in cows?

No lactation, anorexia, elevated HR/RR, arched back

15

How will a cow's urine look if it has pyelonephritis?

Cloudy and bloody

16

In which species does chronic renal failure cause hypercalcemia d/t high levels of Ca in the diet?

Horses

17

What is the kidney worm of pigs?

Stephanarus denatus

18

What is the intermediate host of porcine kidney worm (S. denatus)?

Earthworms

19

What are clinical signs of porcine kidney worm (S. denatus)?

Unthriftiness, slow growth, posterior ataxia/paralysis

20

How do you dx porcine kidney worm (S. denauts)?

Urinalysis, necropsy

21

Excess of which vitamin causes mineralization of tissues, particularly in the kidneys of birds?

Vit D2 (Ca deficiency)