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Flashcards in Random UWorld Deck (34):
1

Sotalol

Class III anti-arrythmic (block K+ channels as well as b-blocker)

2

action of cilostizol and dipyridamole

Direct vasodilators and prevent platelet aggregation

3

arsenic poisoning rx

dimercaprol

4

Class switching to IgE via

IL-4

5

eosinophil activation via

IL-5

6

IgA class switching via

IL-5

7

calcipotriene =

vitD analog. can use to treat psoriasis

8

excessive MMP and fibroblast activity in wound =

contracture

9

HBs =
HBc =
HBe =

HBs = envelope = previous status/immunity
HBc = nucleocapsid core = current status
HBe = precore/core = infectivity

10

postural hypertension

Conn's

11

Nuclei and NTs

Raphe = 5HT
Ceruleus = NE
Meynert = Ach

12

MRSA rx, MOA, AE

Vanco:
- blocks D-ala D-ala
- Nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, red-man

Daptomycin:
- disrupts PM altering electrolytes
- myopathy/rhabdo increasing CK, inactivated by surfactant

Linezolid:
- binds 50s preventing initiation complex
- Thombocytopenia, peripheral neuropathy, serotonin syndrome

13

Biotin use

CARBOXYLASES!
- pyruvate carboxylase: pyruvate to OAA
- acetyl coA carboxylase; acetyl coA to malonyl coA
- propionyl coA carboxylase: propionyl coA to methylmalonyl coA

14

rhabditiform larvae in stool

strongyloides

15

Lyme rx

doxycyclin or penicilin-type Abx

16

layer directly around fetus

amnion

17

pH that ppts renal stones

All @ low pH .: CD
EXCEPT struvite stones (NH4-Mg-PO4)

18

anesthetic solubility directly proportional to:

blood:gas coefficient

19

MC antidepressants to ppt mania

TCAs
Venlafaxine (SNRI)

20

thiazide AE

HYPER-GLUC

21

What receptors does NE work on

a1, a2, b1

22

lowest O2 content vessel

coronary sinuses

23

oral nitrate

isosorbide mononitrate

24

first aortic arch

maxillary artery

25

second aortic arch

stapedial a.
hyoid a.

26

third aortic arch

common carotid
proximal internal carotid

27

fourth aortic arch

R = proximal subclavian
L = aortic arch

28

sixth aortic arch

proximal pulmonary arteries
L = ductus arteriosus

29

Rx peripheral arterial disease

cilostazole
Inhibits PDE, causing direct vasodilation and prevents platelet aggregation (by decreasing cAMP)

30

alpha blockers

phentolamine (rev)
phenoxybenzamine (irrev.)

31

nitrates cause

large vein dilation

[dilate arteries with a1 blockers]

32

LPLase defic. risk of:

acute pancreatitis

33

what does the nucleolus do

makes rRNA (with RNA pol I) and assembles ribosomes

34

trachea movements and lung lesions

Towards = atelectasis or simple pneumothorax

Away = tension pneumothorax or large pleural effusion