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Flashcards in Rapid Review Deck (28):
1

Nontender abdominal mass associated with elevated VMA and HVA

Neuroblastoma

2

Most common type of TEF

Esophageal atresia with distal TEF (85%). Unable to pass NG tube.

3

Not contraindications to vaccination

Mild illness and/or low grade fever, current ABx therapy and prematurity

4

Tests to rule out shaken baby syndrome

Ophthalmologic exam, CT, and MRI

5

A neonate has meconium ileus

Cystic fibrosis (Hirschsprung's disease is associated with failure to pass meconium for 48h)

6

Bilious emesis within hours after the first feeding

Duodenal atresia

7

A 2 month old baby presents with nonbilious projectile emesis. Diagnosis? What are the appropriate steps in management?

Pyloric stenosis.

Correct metabolic abnormalities; then correct pyloric stenosis with pyloromyotomy

8

The most common primary immunodeficiency

Selective IgA deficiency

9

An infant has a high fever and onset of rash as fever breaks. What is he at risk for?

Febrile seizures (due to roseola infantum)

10

Boy has chronic respiratory infections. Nitroblue tetrazolium test is neg. What immunodef?

Chronic granulomatous disease

11

Child has eczema, thrombocytopenia, and high levels of IgA. What immunodef?

Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome

12

4 month old boy has life-threatening pseudomonas infection. What immunodef?

Bruton's X-linked agammaglobulinemia

13

Acute phase treatment for Kawasaki Disease

High Dose ASA for inflammation and fever

IVIG to prevent coronary artery aneurysms

14

Treatment for mild and severe unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia

Phototherapy (mild) or exchange transfusion (severe)

Do not use phototherapy for conjugated hyperbili

15

Sudden onset of mental status changes, emesis, and liver dysfunction after ASA intake

Reye's syndrome

16

Child has loss of red light reflex (white pupil). Diagnosis? The child has an increased risk of what?

Suspect retinoblastoma. Osteosarcoma.

17

Vaccinations at a 6 month well-child visit

1) HBV
2) DTaP
3) Hib (H flu B)
4) IPV (inactivated polio vaccine)
5) PCV (pneumococcal conjugate vaccine)
6) Rotavirus

18

Tanner stage 3 in a 6 year old girl

Precocious puberty

19

Infection of small airways with epidemics in winter and spring

RSV bronchiolitis

20

Cause of neonatal RDS

Surfactant deficiency

21

A condition associated with red currant-jelly stools, colicky abdominal pain, bilious vomiting, and a sausage-shaped mass in RUQ

Intussusception

22

A congenital heart disease that causes secondary HTN. What would you find on physical exam?

Coarctation of aorta

Reduced femoral pulses

23

First line treatment for otitis media

Amoxicillin for 10d

24

Most common pathogen causing croup

parainfluenza type 1

25

Homeless child is small for his age and has peeling skin and a swollen belly

Kwashiorkor (protein malnutrition)

26

Defect in an X-linked syndrome with mental retardation, gout, self-mutilation, and choreoathetosis

Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (purine salvage problem with HGPRTase deficiency)

27

Newborn girl has a continuous machinery murmur. What drug do you give?

PDA - Indomethacin is given to close the PDA

28

Newborn with a posterior neck mass and swelling of the hands

Turner's syndrome