Rapid Review: Classic/Relevant Treatments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Rapid Review: Classic/Relevant Treatments Deck (91):
1

Absence seizures

Ethosuximide

2

Acute gout attack

NSAIDs, colchicine

3

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

All-trans retinoic acid

4

ADHD

Methylphenidate, amphetamines

5

Alcohol abuse

AA + disulfiram for patient and Al-anon for family

6

Alcohol withdrawal

benzodiazepines

7

Anorexia

SSRIs

8

Anticoagulation during pregnancy

Heparin

9

Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

Class IB antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine, tocainide)

10

B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 supplementation (work up cause with Schilling test)

11

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Tamsulosin, finasteride

12

Bipolar disorder

Lithium, valproate, carbamazepine, lamotrigine (mood stabilizers)

13

Breast cancer in postmenopausal women

Aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole)

14

Buerger's disease

Smoking cessation

15

Bulimia

SSRIs

16

Candida albicans

Amphotericin B (systemic), nystatin (oral thrush, esophagitis)

17

Carcinoid syndrome

Octreotide

18

Chlamydia trachomatis

Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection), erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)

19

Chronic gout

Probenecid (underexcretor), allupurinol (overproducer)

20

Chronic hepatitis

IFN-alpha

21

CML

Imatinib

22

Clostidium botulinum

Antitoxin

23

Clostridium difficile

Oral metronidazole; if refractory, oral vancomycin

24

Clostridium tetani

Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam

25

Crohn's disease

Corticosteroids, infliximab

26

Cryptococcus neoformans

Fluconazole (prophylaxis in AIDS patients)

27

Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic crisis

Mesna

28

Cystic fibrosis

N-acetylcysteine and antipseudomonal prophylaxis (tobramycin/azithromycin)

29

Cytomegalovirus

Ganciclovir

30

Depression

SSRIs (first-line)

31

Diabetes insipidus

Desmopressin (central); HCTZ, indeomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)

32

Diabetes mellitus type 1

Dietary intervention (low-sugar) and insulin replacement

33

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Dietary intervention, oral hypoglycemics, and insulin (possible)

34

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Fluids, insulin, K+

35

Enterococci

Vancomycin/ampicillin and aminoglycoside

36

Erectile dysfunction

Sildenafil, vardenafil

37

ER-positive breast cancer

Tamoxifen

38

Ethylene glycol/methonal intoxication

Fomepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor)

39

Haemophilus influenzae (B)

Rifampin (prophylaxis)

40

Generalized anxiety disorder

Buspirone

41

Heparin toxicity (acute)

Protamine sulfate

42

HER2/neu-positive breast cancer

Trastuzumab

43

Hyperaldosteronism

Spironolactone

44

Hypercholesterolemia

Statin (first-line)

45

Hypertriglyceridemia

Fibrate

46

Immediate anticoagulation

heparin

47

Infertility

Leuprolide, GnRH (pulsatile)

48

Influenza

Rimantadine, oseltamivir

49

Legionella pneumophila

Erythromycin

50

Long-term anticoagulation

Warfarin

51

Malaria

Chloroquine/mefloquine (for blood schizont), primaquine (for liver hypnozoite)

52

Malignant hyperthermia

Dantrolene

53

Medical abortion

Mifepristone

54

Migraine

Sumatriptan

55

MRSA

vancomycin

56

MS

beta-interferon, immunosuppression, natalizumab

57

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

RIPE (rifampin, INH, pyrazinamide, ethambutol)

58

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Ceftriaxone (add doxycycline to cover likely concurrent Chlamydia)

59

Neisseria meningitidis

Pencillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin (prophylaxis)

60

Neural tube defect prevention

Prenatal folic acid

61

Osteomalacia/rickets

Vit D supplementation

62

Osteoporosis

Bisphosphonates; calcium and vitamin D supplementation

63

Patent ductus arteriosus

Indomethacin

64

Pheochromocytoma

alpha-antagonists (eg phenoxybenzamine)

65

Pneumocystitis jirovecii

TMP'SMX (prophylaxis in AIDs patients)

66

Prolactinoma

Bromocriptine (dopamine agonists)

67

Prostate cancer/uterine fibroids

Leuprolide, GnRH (continuous)

68

Prostate carcinoma

Flutamide

69

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Antipseudomonal penicillin and aminoglycoside

70

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (idiopathic)

Sildenafil, bosentan, epoprostenol

71

Rickettsia rickettsii

Doxycycline, chloramphenicol (especially in the context of aplastic anemia)

72

Ringworm infections

Terbinafine, griseofulvin, imidazole

73

Schizophrenia (negative symptoms)

5-HT2A antagonists (eg second generation antipsychotics)

74

Schizophrenia (positive symptoms)

D2 receptor antagonists (eg first and second generation antipsychotics)

75

SIADH

Demeclocycline, lithium, vasopressin receptor antagonists

76

Sickle cell anemia

Hydroxyurea (increased fetal hemoglobin)

77

Sporothrix schenckii

Oral potassium chloride

78

Stable angina

sublingual nitroglycerin

79

Staph aureus

MSSA: nafcilin, oxacillin, diclozacillin (antistaph penicillins); MRSA: vancomycin

80

Strep bovis

Penicillin prophylaxis; evaluation for colon cancer if linked to endocarditis

81

Strep pneumoniae

Penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia), vancomycin (meningitis)

82

Strep pyogenes

Penicillin prophylaxis

83

Temporal arteritis

High-dose steroids

84

Tonic-clonic seizures

Phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine

85

Toxoplasma gondii

Sulfadiazine and pyrimethamine

86

Treponema pallidum

penicillin

87

Trichomonas vaginalis

Matronidazole (patient and partner)

88

Ulcerative colitis

5-ASA, infliximab

89

UTI prophylaxis

TMP-SMX

90

Warfarin toxicity

Fresh frozen plasma (acute), vit K (chronic)

91

Wegener's granulomatosis with polyangitis

Cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids

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