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Flashcards in Reading Strategies Deck (10)
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1

Vocabulary

The word “depressions” in the passage is closest in meaning to...

1. Choose the answer(s) that match the meaning you know best
2. Read the sentence to check your answer (guess fast)

2

Detail

“according to paragraph” + WH question.

1. Read the question (NOT answer), understand what information you have to find (identify key words to look for and WH question)
2. Read quickly from the beginning of the paragraph and look for key words (or synonyms)
3. Read carefully to find the answer without looking at the answer choices (or 1 to 2 sentences above/below)
4. Check all answer choices and choose the one that matches the best

3

Negative Detail

“NOT" - "EXCEPT"

1. Read the question, understand what information you have to find (identify key words to look for and WH question)
2. Read quickly from the beginning of the paragraph and look for key words (or synonyms)
3. Read carefully to find the incorrect answer
4. Do it again with each sentence until you find the correct answer

4

Inference

"infer", "imply", or "suggest"

1. Read the question (NOT answer), understand what information you have to find (identify key words to look for and WH question)
2. Read quickly from the beginning of the paragraph and look for key words (or synonyms)
3. Read carefully to find the answer without looking at the answer choices (or 1 to 2 sentences above/below), asking yourself what can be implied
4. Check all answer choices and choose the one that matches the best

5

Pronoun

"The word “them” in paragraph 4 refers to"

1) Determine whether the pronoun is singular or plural.
2) Identify all of the nouns in the sentence before the pronoun that match in number (singular or plural)
3) Choose the one that fits the meaning of the sentence best.
4) Find that noun among your answer choices and choose it.

6

Plug-in

"Look at the four squares (❒) that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage."

1) Read the sentence carefully to identify what it’s saying and the key words within it.
2) Read the paragraph and find the sentence (or sentences) that contains the key words or synonyms of them, forget "far answers"
3) Use pronouns in the sentence to help you determine where it belongs (i.e. pronouns is AFTER, "the"...)
4) Determine whether your sentence contains connecting adverbs and determine whether your sentence continues the idea its about or begins the idea (presumably AFTER fact)
5) Determine whether your sentence is discussing something in a general or specific way (specific comes after general) - do not split two logic following sentences
6) Read with the chosen sentence

7

Paraphrase

"Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage?"

1) Read the entire sentence in bold quickly to get a general idea of what it means.
2) Read the main independent clause and nothing else. Make sure to identify and understand its subject, verb, and object.
3) Read through the answer choices and eliminate any answer that does not state this information from the main clause.
4) Read the next most important clause in the highlighted sentence carefully.
5) Read through the answer choices and eliminate any answer that does not state this information exactly.
6) Continue this process until only one answer is left.

8

Purpose of a sentence

1) Read the question to understand what you’re being asked.
2) Identify the key words.
3) Read the appropriate paragraph and find those key words or synonyms of them.
4) Read the sentence with your key words and understand that the purpose of it is to explain the sentence that came before.
5) Look for any adverbs that will help you to identify the relationship between the sentence with your key words and the sentence before it.
6) Choose an answer choice that reflects the information in the sentence before.

9

Purpose of a paragraph

1) Remind yourself of the structure of the reading by reviewing or re-reading the first sentence of every paragraph
2) If step 1 doesn't clearly illustrate the answer, read the first sentence of the paragraph that you're being asked about again and remember that the purpose of the paragraph is to describe that first sentence.
3) If step 2 doesn't clearly illustrate the answer, read through the paragraph and determine its focus by what the majority of the paragraph discusses (this is a tough step and that's why this is generally a tough question).

10

Summary

1) Review the structure of the reading on your own by reminding yourself what each paragraph was about.
2) Read the summary question carefully and see if the sentence in bold gives you a clue as to what the answer choices might be.
3) Read your first answer choice to understand what it states and find its key words.
4) Scan through the reading until you find the key words or synonyms of them and read the sentences they are found in.
5) Determine whether that answer choice is a summary, detail, or wrong answer. Use the following method to do so.
(1) If an answer choice is a summary, the answer choice restates information found within the topic sentence of the paragraph, the first sentence (or most sentences). That’s a good choice.
(2) If the answer choice deals with a sentence that is not the first, it is a detail. It is therefore not a good choice. You must choose answers that summarize important points in the passage and not just minor points mentioned in one sentence that is not the topic sentence.
(3) If the answer choice describes content that is not found in the reading or is wrong according to the reading, of course, eliminate it.
6) After your analysis, you should be left with 3 summary answer choices. They will be your answers.
7) If you are left with too many answer choices, read the sentence in bold in the question and eliminate the answer choice that doesn’t directly deal with the topic sentence.