Flashcards in Ready for Flight Deck (30):
Before checking the physical status of the airplane, what other preflight items should you make sure are checked?
1. The I'M SAFE checklist
2. Current and forecasted weather
3. Weight and balance computations
4. Take off and landing performance for the current weather conditions
5. Necessary resources
6. Preflight briefing
What is the I'm Safe Checklist?
Illness - any symptoms?
Medication - on any?
Stress - distracted by stressors?
Alcohol - drinking within 8 hours? within 24 hours?
Fatigue & Food - tired? skipped a meal?
Emotion - been in an argument recently?
If taking any prescription or OTC medications, what should you do before flying?
Ensure they are permitted by the FAA and do not impair you mentally or physically.
How can you check out the current and forecast weather?
Telephone, internet, some airports have an automated weather observation system or automated surface observing system.
What are AWOS and ASOS?
AWOS - Automated Weather Observation System
ASOS - Automated Surface Observing System
What weather are you concerned with as a pilot?
Temperature and dew point
What unit is wind speed measured in?
Nautical miles per hour (aka knots)
In what direction is an "easterly" wind blowing?
From the East to the West.
How is wind direction normally reported (in reference to)?
Reference to true north to the nearest 10 degrees around the compass
If a wind is coming from the west, what is the direction of the wind?
Is wind direction the direction wind is going to or coming from?
Wind direction is the direction FROM which the wind is blowing.
What is a statute mile in feet?
In what unit is visibility measured?
Generally in statute miles
What is "visibility?"
A measure of the distance at which an object or light can be seen.
What airport landmark can be used to familiarize with the distance of one statute mile?
The length of the airport runway
What is sky condition based on?
The amount of sky cover
Cloud bases are given as...
Above ground level (AGL)
What descriptors constitute a cloud ceiling?
Overcast or Broken
What units are used for temperature and dew point given?
How does temperature affect engine performance?
The higher the temperature, the poorer the performance. The lower the temperature, the better the performance.
What is the relationship between temperature and dew point?
The closer the temperature and dew point are, the greater the chance for lower visibilities and fog to exist.
What is standard atmospheric pressure?
29.92 inches of mercury
Describe high pressure in terms of inches of mercury.
Anything above 29.92 inches of mercury
Describe low pressure in terms of inches of mercury.
Anything below 29.92 inches of mercury
Define visual meteorological conditions (VMC).
Having both a cloud ceiling higher than 3000 feet AGL and visibility greater than 5 statute miles.
As a student pilot what weather and wind will I generally want to fly in?
Weather equal or greater than VMC with winds less than 15 knots.
How are weather conditions broken down?
Either as Permissible using visual references under VFR (Visual Flight Rules) or Restricted to using cockpit instruments under IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) such as when in a cloud.
Why should a weight and balance computation be performed?
To ensure that the airplane does not exceed:
Max allowable takeoff weight
Weight distribution limits (too far forward or rearward)
Computing takeoff and landing performance data for the current weather conditions ensures...
Plane can takeoff within length of runway available and clear all obstacles in departure path
Plane can land and stop in runway available and clear all obstacles in approach path