Flashcards in Rebellions (Henry VIII to Edward VI) Deck (32):
When was the Pilgrimage of Grace and where was the main location?
1536, in Yorkshire
PofG number of rebels? Significance?
Largest ever uprising during Tudor era
What did Henry VII do?
Stalled - told Duke of Norfolk to meet the rebels at Doncaster and to not keep any promises
In terms of RELIGION, what caused the PofG?
Act of 10 Articles which denounced 4/7 sacraments leaving baptism, penance and Eucharist (arguably a physical change)
Dissolution of Smaller Monastries in 1536 which was the first time the Catholic Church had been physically attacked which left consequences laity would have to deal with as Monastries were their source of health relief - 100 Monastries were scheduled to close
In terms of SOCIO-ECONOMY, what were the causes of the PofG?
Gentry and Laity became self sufficient towards each other (brought two classes together, significant as they set aside their differences to help one another)
Rack renting was on the rise which was when landlords raised rents higher than the actual entry fine. Important as, if you couldn't pay you were evicted.
POLITICALLY, what were the causes of PofG?
Rebels were concerned as Henry preferred to consult with 'evil advisors' like Cromwell, (who was blamed for the treason act and heresy) rather than the long established noble families.
'Pilgrims' swore an oath to expel all villain blood
Why were the actions of the monarch a reason for the FAILURE?
Henry stalled and then didn't keep his promises, he didn't write it down and used propaganda to divide gentry from commons
Why is poor leadership a reason for the FAILURE?
Aske was too trusting of Henry VIII and consequently failed to ensure a truce was written, allowing Henry to ignore his promises. Henry knew the terms wouldn't be binding unless they were documented
Why was geography a reason for the FAILURE?
Too far up North, had more areas of England been involved, it probably would've been successful
When was the western rebellion and where did it take place?
1549 in Devon and Cornwall
Who was the leader and how many people were involved?
Led by Arundell and 7000 rebels were involved
What triggered the rebellion?
William Body investigated chantries and the introduction of Prayer Book on Whitsunday started the rebellion
Who did Somerset order to resolve the rebellion and how?
Lord Russell, a catholic. He found a peaceful settlement
How did this rebellion end? And how many rebels were killed?
They fought in 3 three locations, Herbert sent men and the rebels were defeated. 5,500 killed
In terms of RELIGION, what caused the Western rebellion? What did the rebels demand and what Books did they hate that caused it?
Rebels demanded reintroduction of Catholicism, e.g. 6 articles and prayers for the dead.
1549 Book of Common Prayer which was enforced by Act of Uniformity. The English Prayer book which put forward modern interpretation of Eucharist
In terms of ECONOMY, what caused the Western rebellion? What were there complaints about?
There were complaints about taxes on sheep and cloth, and food prices from commons. Economic factors played a very important role in early stages of the rebellion
In terms of SOCIAL factors, what caused the Western rebellion?
There was unrest from peasantry towards Gentry; there was hatred for William Body, a 'violent protestant' who had investigated the chantries
POLITICALLY, who and what did the rebels despise in the Western rebellion?
They despised Somerset's interference and that they were being ruled by strangers from London
What did the rebels call the Prayer book?
A Christmas game
Why was poor leadership a reason for the failure of the Western rebellion?
They moved slowly allowing them to be delayed in siege of Exeter
Why were the aims a reason for the failure of the Western rebellion?
They had no clear achievable aims and the rebels' aims demanded things the government couldn't grant such as the abandonment of the reformation
When and where did the Kett's rebellion take place?
In 1549, in Norwich
Who was the leader and how many rebels took part?
Kett "the voice of the people", 16,000 rebels
Who did the rebels first attack and what did he do?
Flowerdrew, a lawyer, who encouraged government to attack Kett's land
How did the government respond to Kett's tactics?
Herald offered a pardon if they went home and price of wool was reduced
Who did government send next after Herald failed to deal with them? And what did this person successfully do?
Earl of Warwick attacked and killed 3000 rebels and Kett was hanged
In terms of RELIGION, what caused Kett's rebellion?
The progress of Protestantism to them was extremely slow, there was a common feeling the clergy weren't good enough. Rebels wanted better educated, resident priests
In terms ECONOMY, what caused Kett's rebellion?
Wages failed to keep up with prices. The price of wheat went up by 50%, there were less jobs and landlords were rack renting - peasants evicted if couldn't pay
POLITICALLY, what caused Kett's rebellion? Who's policy weren't they keen about...
They disliked the 'unrealistic social policy' of Somerset. He asked John Hales to investigate enclosures which annoyed gentry. As a result -gentry families fought with eachother
SOCIALLY what caused Kett's? Who didn't cooperate with what? Riots? Dislike of Class?
Landlords didn't cooperate with enclosure commissions
There were riots in the Midlands
People's dislike for Gentry "As close to class war as any in 16th century" - Woodward, Historian
Why was leadership a reason for the failure of Kett's?
Although Kett was a good leader, with the ability to withstand Flowerdrew's attempt to defeat him, he was adamant that the government would listen to the grievances of the commons