Rebellions (Henry VIII to Edward VI) Flashcards Preview

AS History, Tudors > Rebellions (Henry VIII to Edward VI) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rebellions (Henry VIII to Edward VI) Deck (32):
1

When was the Pilgrimage of Grace and where was the main location?

1536, in Yorkshire

2

PofG number of rebels? Significance?

54000
Largest ever uprising during Tudor era

3

What did Henry VII do?

Stalled - told Duke of Norfolk to meet the rebels at Doncaster and to not keep any promises

4

In terms of RELIGION, what caused the PofG?

Act of 10 Articles which denounced 4/7 sacraments leaving baptism, penance and Eucharist (arguably a physical change)

Dissolution of Smaller Monastries in 1536 which was the first time the Catholic Church had been physically attacked which left consequences laity would have to deal with as Monastries were their source of health relief - 100 Monastries were scheduled to close

5

In terms of SOCIO-ECONOMY, what were the causes of the PofG?

Gentry and Laity became self sufficient towards each other (brought two classes together, significant as they set aside their differences to help one another)
Rack renting was on the rise which was when landlords raised rents higher than the actual entry fine. Important as, if you couldn't pay you were evicted.

6

POLITICALLY, what were the causes of PofG?

Rebels were concerned as Henry preferred to consult with 'evil advisors' like Cromwell, (who was blamed for the treason act and heresy) rather than the long established noble families.
'Pilgrims' swore an oath to expel all villain blood

7

Why were the actions of the monarch a reason for the FAILURE?

Henry stalled and then didn't keep his promises, he didn't write it down and used propaganda to divide gentry from commons

8

Why is poor leadership a reason for the FAILURE?

Aske was too trusting of Henry VIII and consequently failed to ensure a truce was written, allowing Henry to ignore his promises. Henry knew the terms wouldn't be binding unless they were documented

9

Why was geography a reason for the FAILURE?

Too far up North, had more areas of England been involved, it probably would've been successful

10

When was the western rebellion and where did it take place?

1549 in Devon and Cornwall

11

Who was the leader and how many people were involved?

Led by Arundell and 7000 rebels were involved

12

What triggered the rebellion?

William Body investigated chantries and the introduction of Prayer Book on Whitsunday started the rebellion

13

Who did Somerset order to resolve the rebellion and how?

Lord Russell, a catholic. He found a peaceful settlement

14

How did this rebellion end? And how many rebels were killed?

They fought in 3 three locations, Herbert sent men and the rebels were defeated. 5,500 killed

15

In terms of RELIGION, what caused the Western rebellion? What did the rebels demand and what Books did they hate that caused it?

Rebels demanded reintroduction of Catholicism, e.g. 6 articles and prayers for the dead.
1549 Book of Common Prayer which was enforced by Act of Uniformity. The English Prayer book which put forward modern interpretation of Eucharist

16

In terms of ECONOMY, what caused the Western rebellion? What were there complaints about?

There were complaints about taxes on sheep and cloth, and food prices from commons. Economic factors played a very important role in early stages of the rebellion

17

In terms of SOCIAL factors, what caused the Western rebellion?

There was unrest from peasantry towards Gentry; there was hatred for William Body, a 'violent protestant' who had investigated the chantries

18

POLITICALLY, who and what did the rebels despise in the Western rebellion?

They despised Somerset's interference and that they were being ruled by strangers from London

19

What did the rebels call the Prayer book?

A Christmas game

20

Why was poor leadership a reason for the failure of the Western rebellion?

They moved slowly allowing them to be delayed in siege of Exeter

21

Why were the aims a reason for the failure of the Western rebellion?

They had no clear achievable aims and the rebels' aims demanded things the government couldn't grant such as the abandonment of the reformation

22

When and where did the Kett's rebellion take place?

In 1549, in Norwich

23

Who was the leader and how many rebels took part?

Kett "the voice of the people", 16,000 rebels

24

Who did the rebels first attack and what did he do?

Flowerdrew, a lawyer, who encouraged government to attack Kett's land

25

How did the government respond to Kett's tactics?

Herald offered a pardon if they went home and price of wool was reduced

26

Who did government send next after Herald failed to deal with them? And what did this person successfully do?

Earl of Warwick attacked and killed 3000 rebels and Kett was hanged

27

In terms of RELIGION, what caused Kett's rebellion?

The progress of Protestantism to them was extremely slow, there was a common feeling the clergy weren't good enough. Rebels wanted better educated, resident priests

28

In terms ECONOMY, what caused Kett's rebellion?

Wages failed to keep up with prices. The price of wheat went up by 50%, there were less jobs and landlords were rack renting - peasants evicted if couldn't pay

29

POLITICALLY, what caused Kett's rebellion? Who's policy weren't they keen about...

They disliked the 'unrealistic social policy' of Somerset. He asked John Hales to investigate enclosures which annoyed gentry. As a result -gentry families fought with eachother

30

SOCIALLY what caused Kett's? Who didn't cooperate with what? Riots? Dislike of Class?

Landlords didn't cooperate with enclosure commissions
There were riots in the Midlands
People's dislike for Gentry "As close to class war as any in 16th century" - Woodward, Historian

31

Why was leadership a reason for the failure of Kett's?

Although Kett was a good leader, with the ability to withstand Flowerdrew's attempt to defeat him, he was adamant that the government would listen to the grievances of the commons

32

Why was the role of the monarch a reason for the failure of Kett's?

Although initially Somerset dealt with it poorly, it did essentially fail due to Earl of Warwick, so Somerset was successful in the end