Reconstruction and Its Effects - Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

U.S. History I > Reconstruction and Its Effects - Chapter 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reconstruction and Its Effects - Chapter 12 Deck (22):
1

Period of rebuilding the nation after the Civil War

Reconstruction

2

One of the Congressional Republicans who wanted to destroy the political power of slaveholders and to give African Americans citizenship and the right to vote

Radical Republican

3

One of the leader of the Radical Republicans

Thaddeus Stevens

4

Bill passed by Congress, and vetoed by President Lincoln, that would have given Congress control of Reconstruction

Wade-Davis Bill

5

President after Lincoln's assassination

Andrew Johnson

6

Government agency that helped former slaves and poor whites by giving out food and clothing and by setting up schools and hospitals

Freedmen's Bureau

7

Laws enacted in many Southern states that discriminated against African Americans

Black Codes

8

Gave African American citizenship

Fourteen Amendment

9

Legal process to formally charge the president with misconduct in office

Impeach

10

Banned states from denying African American the right to vote

Fifteen Amendment

11

White Southerner who joined the Republican Party

Scalawag

12

Northerner who moved to the South after the war

Carpetbagger

13

First African-American senator

Hiram Revels

14

System in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a portion of their crops

Sharecropping

15

Renting land from landowners for cash

Tenant farming

16

Terrorist group of white Southerners who used violence to keep blacks from voting

Ku Klux Klan (KKK)

17

Financial crisis that started an economic depression

Panic of 1873

18

Southern Democrats' term for their return to power in the South in the 1870s

Redemption

19

President who ended Reconstruction in 1877

Rutherford B. Hayes

20

Democratic presidential candidate in 1876

Samuel J. Tilden

21

The political deal that gave the presidency to Hayes and ended Reconstruction

Compromise of 1877

22

Ability to run state governments without the interference of the federal government

Home Rule