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Crimean War > Reforms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reforms Deck (44):
1

What long-term impacts were there on military medicine

Studies on gunshot wounds

Neatly becomes army medical school (1863)

2

When was the Royal Commission set up to investigate recruiting?

1860

3

When did the Liberal government come to power and Cardwell come secretary of war

1868

4

Previously, what had joining the army meant in terms of commitment?

21 year commitment

5

What was common in the army as a punishment

Branding

6

By 1871 how many forces have Cardwell returned to the UK

26,000

7

When was branding abolished and flogging restricted to war time

1871

8

When was the sale of commissions abolished

1871

9

When was the localisations act established

1872

10

What did the localisation act mean - what complaint did it tackle?

Tackled previous dislike that soldiers were drafted to different regiments to their community

11

Why did the reservist force still remain small even after Cardwell?

Conscription deemed unacceptable

12

What was significant about the officers even after Cardwell

all from same social class

13

What report was commissioned to report on the civil service

Northcote-Trevelyan

14

When was the Northcote-Trevelyan report published

1853 - pre-war

15

What did the Northcote-Trevelyan report recommend

hiring educated men rather than gaining positions through connections / money

Yet little was done to act upon this

16

How many British people died in the Crimean war

18,058

17

What % of Britains who died in the Crimea died of disease

80%

18

When was the charge of the light brigade

October 25 1854

19

What type of magazine was Punch?

populist newspaper

20

Who was Captain Seagar

Served under Lord Cardigan

Served at all of the major battles

21

Who was General Simpson

Hired by the government to investigate increasing criticism within the press of the army

22

Who is Trevor Royle

commentator for international affairs for BBC

23

Who is Llewellyn Woodward

British historian who read and taught at Oxford

24

What was significant about the paper the Examiner?

Published Tennyson's "Charge of the Light Brigade Poem"

25

How many artists from the London Illustrated News were in the Crimea?

5

26

Who was Lord Tenneyson

Poet laureate
Author of Charge of the Light Bridgade
Quasi-official position - may be conformist

27

Who was Henry Wordsworth

Poet who praised Nightingale

28

When was the McNeill-Tulloch report requested

Feb 1855

29

When was there an Army Board Enquiry into the MT report

April 1856

30

What did the Army Board Enquiry do to the MT report

whitewash it

31

What did the MT report allow politicians to do

make a case for the army to come under government control as opposed to the monarchys'

32

When was Entry to Civil Service by competitive examination introduced

1870

33

What part of the MT report was not made public

alleged delays in unshipping and distribution

34

Who were reforms carried out by

Edward Cardwell

35

When was the government under Gladstone formed

Dec. 1868

36

What party was Gladstone a member of

Liberal

37

What part of the government was competitive examination for entry not introduced for

Foreign Office

38

Who opposed competitive examination being introduced and what did this lead to?

aristocracy

Foreign Office refusing to introduce it

39

What organisation was set up with the influence of Nightingale that collected statistics on sanitation and army health

Commission on the Health of the Army

40

Who was Henry Wadsworth

Poet who praised Nightingale

41

What body was set up in 1860 to investigate recruitment

Royal Commission

42

What occurred in 1870 which may have added to calls for army reforms

Prussia defeating France - highlighting British weaknesses

43

What happened to defence policy under Cardwell

devolved in 1871

44

What did the devolution of colonial defence policy mean in terms of troop numbers

over 20,000 troops could return to the UK