Flashcards in Reforms Deck (44):
What long-term impacts were there on military medicine
Studies on gunshot wounds
Neatly becomes army medical school (1863)
When was the Royal Commission set up to investigate recruiting?
When did the Liberal government come to power and Cardwell come secretary of war
Previously, what had joining the army meant in terms of commitment?
21 year commitment
What was common in the army as a punishment
By 1871 how many forces have Cardwell returned to the UK
When was branding abolished and flogging restricted to war time
When was the sale of commissions abolished
When was the localisations act established
What did the localisation act mean - what complaint did it tackle?
Tackled previous dislike that soldiers were drafted to different regiments to their community
Why did the reservist force still remain small even after Cardwell?
Conscription deemed unacceptable
What was significant about the officers even after Cardwell
all from same social class
What report was commissioned to report on the civil service
When was the Northcote-Trevelyan report published
1853 - pre-war
What did the Northcote-Trevelyan report recommend
hiring educated men rather than gaining positions through connections / money
Yet little was done to act upon this
How many British people died in the Crimean war
What % of Britains who died in the Crimea died of disease
When was the charge of the light brigade
October 25 1854
What type of magazine was Punch?
Who was Captain Seagar
Served under Lord Cardigan
Served at all of the major battles
Who was General Simpson
Hired by the government to investigate increasing criticism within the press of the army
Who is Trevor Royle
commentator for international affairs for BBC
Who is Llewellyn Woodward
British historian who read and taught at Oxford
What was significant about the paper the Examiner?
Published Tennyson's "Charge of the Light Brigade Poem"
How many artists from the London Illustrated News were in the Crimea?
Who was Lord Tenneyson
Author of Charge of the Light Bridgade
Quasi-official position - may be conformist
Who was Henry Wordsworth
Poet who praised Nightingale
When was the McNeill-Tulloch report requested
When was there an Army Board Enquiry into the MT report
What did the Army Board Enquiry do to the MT report
What did the MT report allow politicians to do
make a case for the army to come under government control as opposed to the monarchys'
When was Entry to Civil Service by competitive examination introduced
What part of the MT report was not made public
alleged delays in unshipping and distribution
Who were reforms carried out by
When was the government under Gladstone formed
What party was Gladstone a member of
What part of the government was competitive examination for entry not introduced for
Who opposed competitive examination being introduced and what did this lead to?
Foreign Office refusing to introduce it
What organisation was set up with the influence of Nightingale that collected statistics on sanitation and army health
Commission on the Health of the Army
Who was Henry Wadsworth
Poet who praised Nightingale
What body was set up in 1860 to investigate recruitment
What occurred in 1870 which may have added to calls for army reforms
Prussia defeating France - highlighting British weaknesses
What happened to defence policy under Cardwell
devolved in 1871