Flashcards in Reforms in the Crimea Deck (32):
Who was sent to the Crimea to investigate the mismanagement of supplies
McNeill and Tulloch
Who launched the Nightingale Fund
How much was raised in the Nightingale Fund
equivalent of £7million today
What was the name of the book Nightingale published
'Notes on Nursing'
When did Nightingale publish her book?
What did Nightingale do in terms of hospital design
Helped design new buildings
included 'pavilions' which helped improve ventilation
Who was the secretary of war who proposed military reforms
Who was Gladstone?
British PM after 1868
When did Gladstone ( PM) take office
What did Cardwell do in terms of the War Office
all military departments combined under one roof
The War OFfice
What was the localisations act?
divided country into 66 districts
imposed in 1872
When was the localisation act established
What happened to the length of overseas service?
Went from 12 years to 6 years (w 6 in reserves)
Could be extended if wanted a pension
When was the sale of commissions abolished
Who was Chancellor of the Exchequer
What did Lowe introduce into the civil service
competitive examination as normal method of entry
When did Lowe introduce competitive exams to get into civil service?
A limitation of the Cardwell reforms was the small reserve army, what was it's size?
What type of modern artillery was rejected from the reforms?
Who defeated France in 1870 which drew greater attention to British weaknesses
What organisation was set up to investigate recruitment
What did the Royal Commission bring to the table about recruitment
Nothing - no progress
What was decided in 1861 about future officers?
all should attend Sandhurst Military Academy
What was abolished in 1862 due to lack of room?
The decision that all officers should attend Sandhurst
When was the McNeill-Tulloch report instructed to be carried out
When was the M-T report published
What part of the M-T report was not made public?
About delays in shipping and disruptions
What did the M-T report allow politicians to do?
Take the army under their control as opposed to the monarchy
Who was the M-T report whitewashed by?
The army board
What was a key reason why recruitment remained low?
Pay remained low for troops
What was a problem with the competitive entry into the civil service
mainly consisted of upper class who were able to attend good schooling e.g Oxford / Cambridge