Reforms in the Crimea Flashcards Preview

Crimean War > Reforms in the Crimea > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reforms in the Crimea Deck (32):
1

Who was sent to the Crimea to investigate the mismanagement of supplies

McNeill and Tulloch

2

Who launched the Nightingale Fund

Sidney Herbert

3

How much was raised in the Nightingale Fund

equivalent of £7million today

4

What was the name of the book Nightingale published

'Notes on Nursing'

5

When did Nightingale publish her book?

1860

6

What did Nightingale do in terms of hospital design

Helped design new buildings

included 'pavilions' which helped improve ventilation

7

Who was the secretary of war who proposed military reforms

Edward Cardwell

8

Who was Gladstone?

British PM after 1868

9

When did Gladstone ( PM) take office

1868

10

What did Cardwell do in terms of the War Office

all military departments combined under one roof

The War OFfice

11

What was the localisations act?

divided country into 66 districts

imposed in 1872

12

When was the localisation act established

1872

13

What happened to the length of overseas service?

Went from 12 years to 6 years (w 6 in reserves)

Could be extended if wanted a pension

14

When was the sale of commissions abolished

1871

15

Who was Chancellor of the Exchequer

Robert Lowe

16

What did Lowe introduce into the civil service

competitive examination as normal method of entry

17

When did Lowe introduce competitive exams to get into civil service?

1870

18

A limitation of the Cardwell reforms was the small reserve army, what was it's size?

35,000

19

What type of modern artillery was rejected from the reforms?

Breech-loading

20

Who defeated France in 1870 which drew greater attention to British weaknesses

Prussia

21

What organisation was set up to investigate recruitment

When

Royal Commission

1860

22

What did the Royal Commission bring to the table about recruitment

Nothing - no progress

23

What was decided in 1861 about future officers?

all should attend Sandhurst Military Academy

24

What was abolished in 1862 due to lack of room?

The decision that all officers should attend Sandhurst

25

When was the McNeill-Tulloch report instructed to be carried out

February 1855

26

When was the M-T report published

1856

27

What part of the M-T report was not made public?

About delays in shipping and disruptions

28

What did the M-T report allow politicians to do?

Take the army under their control as opposed to the monarchy

29

Who was the M-T report whitewashed by?

The army board

30

What was a key reason why recruitment remained low?

Pay remained low for troops

31

What was a problem with the competitive entry into the civil service

mainly consisted of upper class who were able to attend good schooling e.g Oxford / Cambridge

32

What was the nickname for the elite of the civil service

Mandarins

After the traditional elite of China