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Flashcards in Regeneration - Key Words Deck (56):
1

Abandoned land

Spaces in urban areas that were previously used for industry, now derelict and awaiting regeneration. Could also be applied to rural areas where farming is no longer taking place.

2

Accessibility

How easy it is to travel to or communicate with a place. Distance and transport routes to other places are usually the most important factors.

3

Administrative centre

Places, usually larger county towns or cities, that make decisions about how to organise infrastructure and economic activity in the surrounding area.

4

Built Environment

An urban area with buildings and infrastructure, such as road and railways

5

Commercial

Places, usually towns or cities where the major economic activity is trade, shopping or financial services

6

Commuter village

A rural settlement close to a large city that has become home for many people working in the urban area. They journey to and from the city on a daily basis usually by road or train

7

Composite indicator

A development indicator, which measures more than one variable eg the well-being index.

8

Connectedness

A measure of how connected different people are through different communication link eg broadband, road, rail.

9

Crime Rate

The amount or level of crime in an area.

10

Cultural diffusion

The spread of cultural ideas and way of life.

11

Cultural diversity

The number or range of different population groups with different lifestyles in a place, usually linked to ethnicity but also to socio-economic groups or age groups.

12

Cultural Enrichment

The addition of ideas, actions and meanings that are the result of the arrival of new people to an area.

13

Cultural Erosion

The loss or dilution of a specific culture due to cultural diffusion.

14

Culture

The way of life, especially the general customs and beliefs of a particular group of people at a particular time.

15

Deindustrialisation

The mass closure of industries in regions traditionally associated with secondary industrial production, also features high unemployment levels. Partly due to the global shift in production.

16

Demographic Change

Changes in the population characteristics of a place. This could be numbers of people or types of people.

17

Demographic Characteristics

Data about a group of people, such as their age, gender or income.

18

Demographics

The study of population and population change.

19

Depopulation

A significant and sustained decline in the population size of a region or country.

20

Deprivation

When people lack the things they would expect to have in the 21st century such as jobs, a certain level of income, affordable housing, access to services such as schools and healthcare.

21

Deregulation

The process of reducing or removing rules governing economic activity in a country with the aim of encouraging investment.

22

Derelict Land

Previously used land in cities that has fallen into disrepair because buildings have closed and noon is there to maintain them

23

Development

Usually considered as economic growth leading to an improvement in the standard of living. Development can be measured in other ways, such as freedom, equality or the well-being of the natural environment.

24

Diaspora

The movement of a population away from their homeland

25

Diversification

In times of low far income farmers seek alternate incomes such as B&B, wind turbines, off roading trails and conversion of farm buildings to offices or workshops. It may also link to the political decision by the EU to encourage farmers to find alternative business uses for their land other than growing surplus food.

26

Diversity

The degree of variation within a population eg age, ethnicity, culture.

27

Economic sector

A way to group jobs that have a similar purpose.

28

Economies

The amount of money being transferred between different players leading to wealth creation

29

Engagement

The decision my individual members of the public to get involved in tacking political issues eg through volunteering, running for election.

30

Environmental Impact Assessment

Its part of the planning stage all large projects must carry out a study of what the likely impacts will be of the project. A focus is often on the natural environment to ensure that it remains sustainable but can also include the impacts on people. (social and economic environments)

31

Environmental Quality

The condition and attractiveness of the surroundings within which people live. This incudes birth the natural and the built environment – open space and levels of air, water and land pollution.

32

Ethnicity

The cultural background of a group of people, often based on religion or country of origin.

33

Ethnic Composition

Information about the ethic characteristics of a group of people.

34

Fertility Rate

The number of children born to a women during her life time.

35

Gated Communities

Neighbourhoods of towns or cities where houses are designed with gates and fences to improve privacy or safety.

36

Gentrification

Renewal, renovation or rebuilding of older and deteriorating buildings in order to create more upmarket places for middle class resident to live, often displacing poorer residents.

37

Governance

How a place or area is managed by different levels of government.

38

Idyll

Used to describe a place that maximises the positives of a living space. It is often used in relation to rural areas with low pollution levels and plenty of green open space, unspoilt natural area, traditional (old fashioned) way of life and jobs.

39

Industrialisation

The rapid growth of secondary industries such as factories, including the creation of secondary sector jobs. In the UK, this was mostly in the 19th centaury as is known as the Industrial Revolution, but there was also industrial growth in the 1960s.

40

Inequality

Differences in income and wealth, and well-being, between individuals, groups within a community or communities within a society.

41

Infrastructure Investment

When money is spent by the government on projects to connect major towns and cities eg HS2

42

Innovation

A new idea, more effective invention or process within an industry, service or community.

43

Internal Migration

The movement of people within a country, where the move is a change of permanent residence for at least one year.

44

International Migration

The movement of people from one country to another, where the move is a change of permanent residence for at least one year.

45

Life Cycle Stage

Each person experiences various stages during their lifetime, such as a child living with their parents, a young married couple. At each stage the opinions and needs of the person change.

46

life expectancy

The average number of years an individual is likely to live from birth.

47

Lived experience

During a persons lifetime they will have different experiences, depending on their family situation, family culture, education experiences, life cycle and personal interests. These affect their judgements about places and situations and lead to their perceptions, views and opinions.

48

Media

The various ways of presenting information to people, including printed materials such as journals and magazines, broadcast through radio and television or online newspapers and blogs.

49

Migration

The movement of people from one place to another for at least one year with the intentions of settling permanently in the new location.

50

Mortality Rate

The number of deaths per thousand people due to a specific cause of death or age group, such as cancer mortality or child mortality.

51

Multicultural

The existence, acceptance, or promotion of multiple cultural traditions within a single geographic area such as a country or city.

52

Perception

The view of a place or issue based on feelings and experience; a qualitative judgement.

53

Planning

The decision-making process of a national, regional or local body (government, county council, local authority or planning department0, which decides where to locate things like new hoses and where to regenerate, redevelop or renew.

54

Policy Decisions

Significant decisions made by a government in the national interest, perhaps when local interests are conflicting.

55

Political Engagement

The willingness and ability of people to get involved in voting for governments or joining pressure groups that are trying to bring about change.

56

Population Density

The number of people living within an area, usually measured per square kilometre. Core and urban areas have higher population densities, while peripheral and rural areas have lower population densities.