Regions of the Vertebral Column (Vertebral Artery and Misc) Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy > Regions of the Vertebral Column (Vertebral Artery and Misc) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Regions of the Vertebral Column (Vertebral Artery and Misc) Deck (24):
1

What is the gender bias regarding size of the vertebral artery?

men have larger vertebral arteries than woman

2

At what location will the vertebral artery form its first compensatory loop?

the atlanto-axial interspace

3

At what location will the vertebral artery form its second compensatory loop?

the atlanto-occipital interspace

4

At what segments will the vertebral artery be firmly attached to the transverse foramen

both C1 and C2

5

What is the purpose of the vertebral artery loops between C2, C1, and occiput?

the increased length will accommodate the greater rotation at these locations

6

What artery is formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries?

the basilar artery

7

Which suboccipital muscles attach to C1?

rectus capitis posterior minor
obliquus capitis superior
obliquus capitis inferior

8

Which erector spinae muscles attach to the cervical spine?

iliocostalis thoracis
iliocostalis cervicis
longissimus cervicis
longissimus capitis
spinalis cervicis
spinalis capitis

9

Which suboccipital muscles attach to C2?

rectus capitis posterior major
obliquus capitis inferior

10

Which transversospinalis muscles attach to the cervical spine?

semispinalis cervicis
semispinalis capitis
multifidis
rotators

11

What joint classifications are present at C1?

synovial (diarthrosis) ellipsoidal
synovial plane (diarthrosis trochoid)
synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)
fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

12

What joint classifications are present at C2?

synovial pivot (diarthrosis trochoid)
synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)
modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)
fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis
cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphasis

13

What joint classifications are present at each typical cervical?

synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)
modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)
fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis
cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

14

What joint classifications are present at C7?

synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)
modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)
fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis
cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

15

What forms the boundaries for the exit of the C1 nerve from the spinal canal?

occipital condyle
superior articular process of C1
capsular ligament
arcuate rim
groove for the vertebral artery
posterior atlanto-occipital ligament

16

What forms the boundaries for the exit of the C2 nerve from the spinal canal?

inferior articular process of C1
superior articular process of C2
capsular ligament
inferior vertebral notch of C1
superior vertebral notch of C2
posterior arch of C1
lamina of C2
posterior atlanto-axial ligament

17

What forms the anterior boundary for the C2 nerve exit from the spinal canal?

inferior articular process of C1
superior articular process of C2
capsular ligament

18

What forms the posterior boundary for the C2 nerve exit from the spinal canal?

the posterior arch of C1
lamina of C2
posterior atlant-axial ligament

19

What forms the anterior boundary for the C3-C7 nerve exit from the spinal canal?

the vertebral bodies (2)
intervertebral disc
posterior longitudinal ligament
uncinate process
lateral groove

20

What forms the anterior boundary for the C8 nerve exit from the spinal canal?

the vertebral bodies of C7 and T1 (2)
intervertebral disc
Posterior longitudinal ligament
capsular ligament of the costocentral joint
superior costal facet of T1
articular surface of the first rib

21

What are the superior articular facet orientations for the cervical vertebrae?

C1 is Backward Upward Medial BUM
C2 is backward Upward Lateral BUL
C3-C7 is Backward Upward Medial BUM

22

What are the inferior articular facet orientations for the cervical vertebrae?

C1 isBackward Downward Medial BDM
C2-C6 is Forward Downward Lateral FoLD
C7 is Forward Downward Medial ForMeD

23

How many synovial joints are identified for each cervical vertebrae?

C1 = 5
C2 = 8
C3-C6 = 8
C7 = 6

24

How many joints are identified at the vertebral body of each cervical vertebrae?

C1 = 0
C2 = 10
C3-C6 = 10
C7 = 8