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Flashcards in Relationships Deck (35):
1

What does the evolutionary explanation for partner preference suggest?

Successful mating was important for survival and how we look for physical attractiveness and intelligence in terms of sexual selection

2

What was Darwin's theory?

Evolution of characteristics can be a reproductive advantage rather than a survival advantage

3

What is intrasexual selection?

Individuals of one sex must compete against others of the same sex so they are able to mate and pass on their genes

4

What is intersexual selections?

one sex develops desirable qualities in potential mates e.g. attractiveness

5

How does being choosy have its benefits?

half the genetic qualities of the offspring

6

What are females attracted to?

males who invest resources and are physically fit

7

What are males attracted to?

females who show signs of fertility

8

What was the key study by Buss?

participants were asked to rate each characteristic e.g. physicall attractiveness and financial prospectus in choosing a mate

9

What were the findings of Buss?

Women desired men with a financial prospectus and men placed more importance on physical attractiveness and men wanted women younger than them

10

What is wrong with Buss' survey?

problems of valifity as it gives us an indication of expressed preferences rather than being a representation of what happens in real life?

11

Cultural traditions may be important?

gender differences stem from culture rather than evolved characteristics and women who were denied economic power may be more reliant on men with money

12

What does physical attractiveness state?

there was long belief that men placed more importance on physical attractiveness but now women place just as much importance

13

When do women look for physical attractiveness?

In ST relationships and men in long term relationships

14

What is the matching hypothesis by Walster and Walster?

When seeking a relationship they look for partners with the same social desirability and look for those in their league

15

What is the link between matching and physical attractiveness?

first the same socical desirability but now physical attractiveness and so we have realistic choices

16

How does Darwin's theory link?

Peacocks are attractive due to the colur of their feathers - nothing to do with survival

17

What is the key study by Walster?

males and females were randomly selected and had to rate each other in terms of physical attractiveness and then asked to complete a questionnaire

18

How didn't the study support the matching hypothesis?

when they were given a random date to a dance they met them regardless of physical attractiveness but responded more positively to physical attractiveness

19

What is research support?

males are physically attracted to women

20

What is a limitation?

physical attractiveness is only one desirable characteristic

21

What is self disclosure?

When a person reveals intimate information about themselves to another person

22

What did self-disclosure predict?

stability in the relationship

23

What was better self disclosure received or given?

Self disclosure received

24

What was the key study by Sprecher?

where in 2 groups where the participant either received or gave self disclosure - in the reciprocal comsition it was more effective

25

What is research support?

relationship more stable due to self disclosure and more effective if they believe they are the only person receiving it

26

What is further support?

Internet also involves self disclosure as you are anonymous so are more comfortable

27

Are there cultural differences?

yes western cultures believe in self disclosure more

28

What is the attraction filter theory?

we choose partners bu using a series of filters narrowing down the field of availables

29

What are the 3 different stages of filters?

social demography, similarity in attitudes and complementary of needs

30

What is social demography?

Refers to variables such as age and social background which narrows down the field of availables

31

What is similarity in attitudes?

Involves psychological characteristics such as agreement of values and attitudes through disclosure

32

What is complementary of needs?

people with different needs provide support to each other so the other can fulfil these - not conflict

33

What was research?

divided into short term and long term relationship - st= similairty of attitudes and LT= complementary of needs

34

Lack of research support?

Study was replicated and found no evidence of similarity of attitudes and complimentary of needs - outdates

35

Support?

theory allows people to make predictions about future interactions so time is saved