Flashcards in Relationships Deck (35):
What does the evolutionary explanation for partner preference suggest?
Successful mating was important for survival and how we look for physical attractiveness and intelligence in terms of sexual selection
What was Darwin's theory?
Evolution of characteristics can be a reproductive advantage rather than a survival advantage
What is intrasexual selection?
Individuals of one sex must compete against others of the same sex so they are able to mate and pass on their genes
What is intersexual selections?
one sex develops desirable qualities in potential mates e.g. attractiveness
How does being choosy have its benefits?
half the genetic qualities of the offspring
What are females attracted to?
males who invest resources and are physically fit
What are males attracted to?
females who show signs of fertility
What was the key study by Buss?
participants were asked to rate each characteristic e.g. physicall attractiveness and financial prospectus in choosing a mate
What were the findings of Buss?
Women desired men with a financial prospectus and men placed more importance on physical attractiveness and men wanted women younger than them
What is wrong with Buss' survey?
problems of valifity as it gives us an indication of expressed preferences rather than being a representation of what happens in real life?
Cultural traditions may be important?
gender differences stem from culture rather than evolved characteristics and women who were denied economic power may be more reliant on men with money
What does physical attractiveness state?
there was long belief that men placed more importance on physical attractiveness but now women place just as much importance
When do women look for physical attractiveness?
In ST relationships and men in long term relationships
What is the matching hypothesis by Walster and Walster?
When seeking a relationship they look for partners with the same social desirability and look for those in their league
What is the link between matching and physical attractiveness?
first the same socical desirability but now physical attractiveness and so we have realistic choices
How does Darwin's theory link?
Peacocks are attractive due to the colur of their feathers - nothing to do with survival
What is the key study by Walster?
males and females were randomly selected and had to rate each other in terms of physical attractiveness and then asked to complete a questionnaire
How didn't the study support the matching hypothesis?
when they were given a random date to a dance they met them regardless of physical attractiveness but responded more positively to physical attractiveness
What is research support?
males are physically attracted to women
What is a limitation?
physical attractiveness is only one desirable characteristic
What is self disclosure?
When a person reveals intimate information about themselves to another person
What did self-disclosure predict?
stability in the relationship
What was better self disclosure received or given?
Self disclosure received
What was the key study by Sprecher?
where in 2 groups where the participant either received or gave self disclosure - in the reciprocal comsition it was more effective
What is research support?
relationship more stable due to self disclosure and more effective if they believe they are the only person receiving it
What is further support?
Internet also involves self disclosure as you are anonymous so are more comfortable
Are there cultural differences?
yes western cultures believe in self disclosure more
What is the attraction filter theory?
we choose partners bu using a series of filters narrowing down the field of availables
What are the 3 different stages of filters?
social demography, similarity in attitudes and complementary of needs
What is social demography?
Refers to variables such as age and social background which narrows down the field of availables
What is similarity in attitudes?
Involves psychological characteristics such as agreement of values and attitudes through disclosure
What is complementary of needs?
people with different needs provide support to each other so the other can fulfil these - not conflict
What was research?
divided into short term and long term relationship - st= similairty of attitudes and LT= complementary of needs
Lack of research support?
Study was replicated and found no evidence of similarity of attitudes and complimentary of needs - outdates