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Flashcards in Religion Deck (79):
1

Mountain which Noah's ark came to rest as the great flood receded, in present day Eastern Turkey, Turkey's highest peak

Mount Ararat

2

husband that David sends off to battle so he can have Bathsheba

Uriah the Hittite

3

2nd to Satan in Paradise Lost, "Prince of Devils"

Beelzebub

4

hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified

Calvary (Golgotha)

5

jealous King before David, gave him permission to fight Goliath, killed himself after a prophesied defeat by the Philistines

King Saul

6

prophet who opposed the worship of idols (e.g. Baal), Jezebel tried to kill him

Elijah

7

went up to heaven in a chariot of fire

Elijah

8

she introduced the worship of Baal to King Ahab and Israel

Queen Jezebel

9

holiest Jewish day of the year, marks the end of 10 days of penitence, 10 days after Rosh Hashanah

Yom Kippur

10

Jewish New Year

Rosh Hashanah

11

queen of Persia who (along with her cousin Mordecai) stops a plot to massacre the Jews in Persia (celebrated by Jews as the feast of Purim)

Esther

12

three gifts that the wise men brought to infant Jesus

gold, frankincense, and myyrh

13

Noah's son who was cursed when he saw his father drunk and naked but refused to turn away as his other 2 brothers did, curse was darker skin (and for all his descendants)

Ham

14

Noah's 3 sons

Shem, Ham, and Japheth

15

responsible for the Massacre of the Innocents

Herod the Great

16

killed John the Baptist at the request of his stepdaughter Salome

Herod Antipas

17

Jacob's brother, trades his inheritance to Jacob for bowl of stew, Jacob tricked his father by impersonating him at the request of their mother Rebecca

Esau

18

wrestled with God and forced God to bless him, God gave him the name Israel

Jacob

19

ladder seen in a dream which allowed angels of God to ascend/descend from heaven to Earth

Jacob's ladder

20

The Watchtower Bible & Tract Society

Jehovah's Witnesses

21

another name for Jeusalem, Mount ____ is also the hill that the city was built on

Zion

22

received a coat of many colors from his father Jacob, other sons were jealous

Joseph

23

his brothers sold him into slavery in Egypt, became second in command after interpreting a dream for the pharaoh, forgives his brothers later when they come to egypt seeking grain for a famine

Joseph

24

brought Israelites into the promised land after Moses died, destroyed Jericho by telling everyone to blow their trumpets and shout, the walls collapsed

Joshua

25

price for Judas turning in Jesus

30 pieces of silver

26

a man brought back to life by Jesus after being in the tomb for 4 days

Lazarus

27

these people liberated Judea from Syrian rule, also honored by Hanukkah

Maccabee

28

food that God gave Israelites during the Exodus after food had run out

manna

29

oldest man in the bible at 969 years old, grandfather of Noah

Methuselah

30

guardian angel of the Jews, led Adam and Eve out of the Garden of Eden in Paradise Lost, lead the celestial armies in Revelation

Michael the archangel

31

Michaelmas (the Feast of Saints ___, ___, ____, and ____) the main archangels

Michael, Gabriel, Uriel, and Raphael

32

brought by a dove to noah's ark to signify the end of the flood, signifies peace, in the eagle's right talon in the seal of the US

olive branch

33

denied being a follower of Jesus three times before his crucifixion

Peter

34

people of Samson, also of Goliath

Philistines

35

group of teachers among the Jews, critizied for their hypocrisy

Pharisees

36

second wife of Jacob, sterile for many years, but eventually had Joseph and Benjamin (she died after giving birth to him)

Rachel

37

first wife of Jacob, tricked Jacob into marriage

Leah

38

wife of Isaac, infertile for first 20 years, mother to twins Jacob and Esau

Rebecca

39

great grandmother of David, not an Israelite but married one who came to her country, after he died she went back with her mother-in-law Naomi, married Boaz

Ruth

40

stepdaughter of Herod Antipas, requested the beheading of John the Baptist

Salome

41

man with powerful hair has girlfriend trick him, destroys banquet hall anyway after captured

Samson and Delilah

42

A queen in biblical times famous for her beauty, splendor, and wealth. Travels from afar to visit King Solomon and praised his wisdom.

Queen of Sheba

43

dynasty of Ethiopian rulers claim they are descendents from this pair

King Solomon and Queen of Sheba

44

the apostle who doubted the Resurrection of Jesus until he got to see and touch Jesus' wounds

Thomas

45

Latin translation of the bible by Saint Jerome, used in the Western world until the Reformation

Vulgate Bible

46

After the Last Supper, where Jesus went to pray, the place where Judas kissed Jesus before he was captured and crucified

Garden of Gethsemane

47

Wife of Abraham, Mother of Isaac (had him when she was 91 and he was 100), most mentioned woman in the bible

Sarah

48

Biblical prophet who talked to a donkey/ass

Balaam (Balaam's ass)

49

religion of Japan, means "way of the gods" in Chinese and Japanese

Shinto

50

Amaterasu Omikami (the Kami) is a major deity in this religion, she is the goddess of the sun (red circle on flag) and universe, said to be the ancestor of Japan's imperial family

Shinto

51

Jesus' apostle that was a tax collector

Matthew

52

Babylonian king who constructed the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Ishtar Gate

Nebuchadnezzar II

53

He calls in Daniel to interpret the handwriting on the wall during his feast, he's the king after Nebuchadnezzar

Belshazzar

54

cast Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego into the fiery furnace

Nebuchadnezzar II

55

Babylonian king who destroyed the first temple of Jerusalem

Nebuchadnezzar II

56

wife of Osiris, chief goddess of Egyptian mythology, Cleopatra claimed to be the new ___

Isis

57

Egyptian God of the Underworld, husband of Isis

Osiris

58

older brother of Moses, and sister of Miriam, known for his eloquent and persuasive speech, was Moses's mouthpiece when dealing with the Pharaoh

Aaron

59

God turned his rod into a snake and it ate all the Pharaoh's magicians

Aaron

60

Sister of Moses and Aaron, she led the women in song after the Israelites passed through the Red Sea

Miriam

61

Eldest son of Abraham, mother was Hagar, through which Muslim Arabs trace their descent

Ishmael

62

Abraham's first wife and mother of Ishmael

Hagar

63

prophet who wrote the first five books of the old testament (Jewish Torah) c. 13th century BC, encouraged the belief of monotheism

Moses

64

top/bottom of Hindu caste system

Brahmin (priest) at top, Shudra (servants) at bottom

65

her story is told twice in Judges, the only female to judge Israel, she won an important battle against the Canaanites

Deborah

66

one of the great Hindu Gods, the "Preserver", has appeared as Krishna and as the Buddha

Vishnu

67

unleavened bread resembling a large cracker, used by Jews I place of yeast bread during Passover (God told Jews to eat unleavened bread, rather than delay their departure from Egypt by waiting for bread to rise)

matzo (or matzo balls)

68

prophet & author of Lamentations (he was the one doing the lamenting)

Jeremiah

69

his wife gazed back at Sodom against orders and was turned into a pillar of salt

Lot

70

2nd holiest city of Islam, houses the tomb of Muhammad, Muhammad fled from Mecca to here to escape persecution

Medina

71

Holiest city of Islam, Muslims are required to travel here at least once, birthplace of Muhammad

Mecca

72

The coming of Jesus (either in the Incarnation of biblical times or in the 2nd coming at the end of the world); also a time observed in December to prepare for Christmas

Advent

73

group of churches historically based in the Church of England, combines Catholic and Protestant elements (e.g. they have bishops, but don't accept the authority of the pope)

Anglican Communion

74

the incarnation of a Hindu God (the Buddha is a ___ of the god Vishnu)

avatar

75

religion which advocates universal peace and spiritual unit of humankind, founded in Persia in 1863, main hub in Haifa

Bahaism (followers of Baha'i faith)

76

Jewish ceremony marking the beginning of religious responsibility for Jewish boys of 13 (and the less popular version for girls is called ___)

bar mitzvah (male) / bat mitzvah (female)

77

___ is an established church in England, ___ in Scandinavian countries, ___ in Scotland

Church of England, Lutheran Church, Presbyterian Church

78

list basic tenets of kosher foods

animals have to have hooves and chew their cud (excludes pork), no mixing of dairy products and meat, no shellfish

79

In Juadism, a house of worship

synagogue