Flashcards in Religion Deck (36):
What were 2 of Elizabeth's aims regarding religion?
1. To heal the divisions between Protestants and Catholics to avoid Civil War
2. To maximize her personal power by taking as much control over the church as possible
What was the Act of Supremacy, 1559?
It re-established the break from Rome and an independent Church of England and all members of the clergy had to swear an oath of loyalty to her. However, as a compromise with Archbishops and Bishops being kept which it was hoped would please Catholics.
What was the Act of Uniformity, 1559?
Catholic Mass was abandoned and the Bible was written in English (to please protestants.
Ornaments such as crosses and candles could be placed on the communion table and Priests had to wear traditional- style Vestments (to please Catholics)
How were these two acts viewed at the time?
Moderate Protestants and Catholics were happy with
them but Puritan and extreme Catholics thought they
were too generous to the "enemy"
What was a Puritan?
An English Protestant who wanted to further simplify
the church of England and remove anything related
Give four examples of when Puritans challenged Elizabeth and how Elizabeth dealt with them
1570 - Thomas Cartwright delivered a series of
lectures and called for Bishops to be abolished. He
was sacked from his position at Cambridge University.
1577 -Edmund Grindal. Archbishop of Canterbury was
placed under house arrest for not banning
300 ministers. most of whom had Puritan views, were
suspended for refusing to agree to the Acts
introducing in the first 5 years of Elizabeth reign.
1593 - Seditious Sectaries Act made Puritanism an
Why was Mary Queen of Scots a rival for the throne and a threat to Elizabeth?
Because Elizabeth was childless and Mary had a
claim to the throne. She was a Pro — French and a
What did Elizabeth do with Mary when she arrived in England?
Mary was kept under house arrest
When was the Northern rebellion?
What happened in the first stages of the Northern rebellion?
The duke of Norfolk, the Queens cousin wanted to
marry Mary and put pressure on Elizabeth, as Marys
claim to the throne would be strengthened strong.
Dudley and Throckmorton were brought in to the plot
but Dudley confessed to Elizabeth. Norfolk was arrested
What success did the rebels have?
Two Catholic nobles Northumberland and
Westmorland started an uprising of 5000 rebels in the
north and Mass was illegally held in Durham
cathedral. In December they waited for Spanish
Why did the rebellion fail?
Lack of foreign support
Lack of an uprising by the general population
Key Northern towns were held by the government
The rebels lost a short battle and Westmorland and
Northumberland fled to Scotland
What was the impact of the Northern uprising?
Elizabeth confiscated the land of the Earls who
rebelled making her stronger.
The reorganising of the Northern Council
strengthened her position.
Norfolk was released after 9 months in the tower of
In what year did the Pope introduce a Bull excommunication Elizabeth?
Why was this significant?
Because English Catholics did not have to be loyal to Elizabeth
When was the Treason Act?
When was the Treason Act?
Anyone denying Elizabeth's supremacy and bringing
in the Pope Bull of excommunication will be executed
Who were the Jesuits?
A group of Catholics committed to serving the Pope
What was the aim of Jesuit priests in England?
To gain influence over rich and powerful families and turn them against Elizabeth
When did the Jesuit missionaries start coming to England?
Who was Edmund Champion?
An English Jesuit Priest and the most famous Catholic
What happened to Champion when he was captured in 1581?
He was tortured and executed
What was recusancy?
Refusal to attend Church of England services
When was the fine for recusancy raised to $20
In what year were large gatherings of Catholics banned?
What % of Catholics were recusants by the end of Elizabeth reign?
When was the Catholic threat at it greatest?
By when had the Catholic threat disappeared?
In what year was the Radolfi plot?
In what year was the Throckmorton?
When was the Babington plot?
Who was Babington?
A Catholic recusant and organiser of the plot to kill
Elizabeth and place Mary on the Throne
Why did Mary become involved in the Babington plot
Because she had been locked up for 20 years and
wanted to escape
How did the plot unfold?
Walsingham was aware of the plot an allowed it to
develop to the point where Mary agreed to the
assassination of Elizabeth
What happened to Mary?
She was found guilty of treason and without Elizabeth
knowing, she was beheaded.