Religion and Politics in the 1980s and 1990s Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Religion and Politics in the 1980s and 1990s Deck (24):
1

Which political party in Punjabi led a resistance against the central government for more regional autonomy?

Akali Dal

2

What dies autonomy mean?

the right to rule and make decisions on their own

3

Jarnail Sing Bhindranwale started a religious radicalism and elevated what?

roadside executions

4

Where did Jarnail seek shelter?

Golden Temple, Sikh holy site

5

Name the operation that Indira Gandhi had troops and tanks storm the Golden Temple and killed Jarnail

Operation Blue Star, 1984

6

In 1984 who assassinated Indira Gandhi?

her Sikh bodyguards

7

How many Sikh's were killed after the assassination?

3,000

8

Who became prime minister after Indira Gandhi's death?

her son, Rajiv Gandhi

9

This required that anytime someone wanted to start a business they had to seek many governmental approvals through permits

Permit Raj

10

Which part of the Indian economy did Rajiv Gandhi support?

foreign technology and automotive industries

11

Rajiv has improved relationships between India and which country?

US

12

This means that an entire group such as Indian Muslims would all vote the same way

vote bank

13

How could a Muslim husband divorce his wife?

uttering the word talak 3 times

14

What does talak mean?

divorce

15

describe the events that happened to Shah Bano

a. Muslim women who was divorced by her husband
b. she was expelled from her house with no money, property or place to go
c. India's lower courts required Shah Bano's ex-husband to pay her a monthly allowance
d. The husband appealed in the India Supreme Court
e. The Supreme Court ruled that religious law trumps criminal law
f. Shah Bano's husband did not have to pay her a monthly allowance

16

Name the Law passed that religious communities have the responsibility to care for divorced women

Muslim Women's Bill or Protect the Rights on Divirce Bill (1986)

17

Why did the Indian Government shut down access to the Babri Masjid mosque?

a. the mosque was built on a Hindu holy site
b. In 1949 Hindu activists claimed a miracle of an icon of Ram appeared at the site
c. In order to avoid a Muslim/Hindu clash the government and shut down the site

18

What year did Rajiv Gandhi open up the Babri Masjiv site?

1986

19

President L. K. Advani of the Bharatiya Janata Party demanded what?

mosque taken down and the Hindu temple restored

20

Who took over the Babri Masjid mosque then destroyed it?

karsevacs or volunteers

21

Hindus attacked and killed 1,000 Muslims in which city?

Bombay

22

What did the courts decide about the property of the Babri Masjid?

a. One-third of the property to the devotion of Lord Ram
b. One-third of the property to a Muslim organization
c.One-third of the property to the Indian Government

23

What did the Hindu Mahasabha help to promote?

Sanskrit version of Hindi over English as the official language

24

This is a modern agrarian technology with elevated economic returns in India

Green Revolution