Religion, Peace and Conflict Flashcards Preview

Philosophy and Ethics- Themes > Religion, Peace and Conflict > Flashcards

Flashcards in Religion, Peace and Conflict Deck (40):
1

Which Branch of christianity is all about peace?

The Quakers

2

What are Quakers?

Pacifists.

3

What do Christinas believe is important for living peacefully?

Forgiveness-god sets this example as he forgives those who are truly sorry and ask in faith.

4

What is the main message of islam?

peace and harmony

5

In islam, for fighting to be justified, what does it have to be in?

Self-defence.

6

What is one of the 99 names for god in islam?

The 'just'

7

What is the root word of islam and what does it mean?

'Salam' means peace or safety

8

What do christians say about violence and protest?

They believe that protest to achieve what is right is acceptable providing violence is not used.

9

Who is an example of a christian civil rights activists?

Martin Luther King

10

Give a quote from the Quran explaining the punishment for those who kill.

'We shall make him suffer fire"

11

What do Islam and Christianity say about Terrorism?

It is wrong because of the innocent people who might get hurt

12

What does Christianity warn against and give a quote to support this.

It warns against greed, "The love of money is the root of all evil"

13

When is the only time it is acceptable to declare war in self defence?

If all other attempts for make peace have failed.

14

What did Jesus say when asked about retaliation?

"If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also"

15

What does Islam teach about retaliation?

It should be measured: torture and mutilation are strictly forbidden.

16

Give an example of when nuclear weapons were used.

WW2- Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Around 80000 people died at Hiroshima.

17

What does Christianity teach about Nuclear weapons?

Weapons of mass destruction are against the teachings of Jesus who was a pacifist and therefore they are wrong.

18

Why do fundamentalist christians say WMD are wrong?

They take lives and only god has the power to both create and take life.

19

Give a quote which can be used against WMD in Christianity

"You shall not murder"

20

How many Nuclear weapons did the uk have in 2015?

215

21

How many weapons did Pakistan have in 2015?

120

22

What arguments do Muslims give to explain why they think the use of WMD is wrong.

They believe in Khalifah, and by using nuclear weapons they are destroying not only lives but also the earth, so they are going against Allah.

23

Give a quote from the Quran about destruction

"Do not contribute to your destruction with your own hands"

24

Which man wrote about the morality of war in the 4th century?

St Augustine

25

Who set out the criteria of a just war in the 13th century?

Thomas Aquinas

26

What is there criteria for a just war?

1. Just cause eg. self defence
2. must be lawful (declared by government)
3. should promote good
4. must be a chance of success
5. excessive force is not allowed

27

What do most christians believe is better than a just war?

No war.

28

What obliges Muslims to fight under certain conditions?

Lesser Jihad

29

What rules are there is Islam about war?

1.Last resort.
2. Just Cause
3. decision to fight made by lawful leaders
4. War allowed if you are defending another islamic country
5. If a country ad mistreated its citizens you can intervene.

30

How old are the muslims rules of war?

1300 years old.

31

Give an example of when christians have disagreed?

The Troubles in Northern Ireland.

32

What did Jesus say about a sword?

"If you don't have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one"
and "for all who draw the sword die by the sword"

33

In Islam, for holy war to be declared what has to be the case/

The country has to be under attack.

34

If a Muslim dies in battle what is said about them?

That a place in heaven has been reserved for them.

35

However, what can holy war be used to justify?

Terrorism eg. Al Qaeda or ISIS

36

What is said about peacemakers in Christianity?

"Blessed are the peacemakers for they shall be called children of God"

37

What are the Anglican Pacifist fellowships 3 principles?

1. Jesus' teachings are incompatible with war.
2. The christian church should never justify war
3. Christian witness should include opposing the waging or justifying war.

38

Why do muslims find it hard to call themselves pacifist?

Because of lesser jihad

39

How do Christians respond to victims of war?

Charities eg. christian Aid and Caritas who helped Syrian refugee in 2015.

40

How do Muslims respond to victims of war?

There is Islamic Relief and Muslim Aid. They provide shelter and food not matter what race or religion. They also provide healthcare.