Religions in South and West Asia Flashcards Preview

SOCIAL STUDIES 3RD QUARTER > Religions in South and West Asia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Religions in South and West Asia Deck (73):
1

Belief in one true supreme being who governs all things and whose laws and teachings are to be obeyed

Religion

2

Birthplace of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism

India

3

Most dominant religion in India

Hinduism

4

Founder of the religion "Hinduism"

Aryans

5

Main focus of Hinduism

Worshiping and respecting nature

6

Three prominent gods of Hinduism

Brahma (or Brahman for miss :>), Vishnu, Shiva

7

Roles of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, respectively

Creator, Preserver of life, Destroyer

8

World soul and end or ultimate reality

Brahman

9

Classes of citizens in the Hinduism (4)

Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, s(h)udra

10

People who comprise the Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya and s(h)udra, respectively

Priest and scholars; Leaders and warriors; Farmer, artisan, and traders; Worker and slaves

11

They do the dirty work and menial jobs

untouchables

12

Cycle of birth and rebirth

reincarnation

13

sum total of one's activities

karma

14

end of reincarnation

moksha

15

soul attaining true peace and happiness

nirvana

16

Founder of Buddhism

Siddharta Gautama Buddha

17

Place where Buddhe experienced enlightenment

bodhi tree

18

Doctrine of Buddhism

Four Noble Truths and Eight Fold Path

19

Two divisions of Buddhism

Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism

20

Division of Buddhism wherein they believe that Buddha is a god and savior

Mahayana Buddhism

21

Division of Buddhism wherein they still think Buddha is just a teacher and ascetic

Theravada Buddhism

22

Lesser gods in Buddhism

bodhisattvas

23

Founder of Jainism

Mahavira or Vardhamana

24

Princess whom Mahavira married

Yashoda

25

Tree where Mahavira achieved wisdom and enlightenment

sala tree

26

Enlightenment in Jainism

Kevala

27

Non-violence

ahimsa

28

Way to attain kevala

Do right conduct and abhor bad conduct

29

Doctrine of Sikhism

foster brotherhood

30

Founder of Sikhism

Guru Nanak or Baba Nanak

31

descent of divine guidance to mankind

Guru

32

Sacred Book of Sikhism

Guru Granth Sahib

33

Two names Guru Nanak called the god of sikhism

Akal and Nirankar

34

Meaning of akal and nirankar, respectively

Eternal and Formless

35

Passages from the Guru Granth Sahib

Japji

36

Sikh prayer done inside the temple

Gurdwara

37

Place where Christianity and Judaism were found

Jerusalem/Israel

38

Place where Zoroastrianism was found

Persia/Iran

39

Place where Islam was found

(Saudi) Arabia

40

Religion of the Jews or Israelites

Judaism

41

God of Judaism

Yahweh

42

This is where Yahweh's teachings are contained.

Torah

43

Pentateuch

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deutoronomy

44

Narrates how the Yahweh (through Moses) delivered the Jews from the hands of the Egyptians

Torah, more specifically Exodus

45

Promised land of the Jews

Canaan

46

Covenant of Judaism

Ten Commandments

47

Difference between Judaism and Christianity

Christianity believes Jesus Christ is the lord and savior while Jews don't.

48

Doctrine of Christianity

Jesus Christ is the Son of God and we come from 1 one god only.

49

Sacred book of Christianity

Holy Bible

50

Belief or doctrine that goes against the teachings of the church

Heresy

51

Peace felt within when a person surrenders himself to Allah

Islam

52

Religious followers of Islam

Muslim

53

Sacred books of Islam

Koran or Qur'an

54

Founder of Islam

Muhammad

55

Wife of Muhammad

Khadija

56

Prophetic traditions

Sunnah or Hadith

57

the flight

Hegira

58

Wall with black stone attached to its center, foundation and center of Islam

Kaaba

59

Doctrine of Islam

Five Pillars

60

Five Pillars

Shahada, Salat, Zakat, Sawn, Hajj

61

Shahada

There is only one God, Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of God

62

Salat

Praying five times

63

Zakat

Being charitable

64

Sawn

Ramadan or the remembrance of the holy month

65

Hajj

pilgrimage to Mecca; Hajji for men and Hajja for woman

66

Government and territory of the Muslims

Caliphate

67

Founder of Zorothustra

Zoroastrianism

68

prophet who introduced a monotheistic religion

Zoroaster

69

Sacred book of Zoroastrianism

Zend Avesta

70

Two gods of Zoroastrianism

Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu

71

Good God

Ahura Mazda

72

Bad God

Angra Mainyu

73

Another name of Angra Mainyu

Ahrima