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Flashcards in Renaissance & Reformation Deck (36):
0

What cultures were seen in the renewal known as the Renaissance?

Greek & roman

1

Who was the sculptor who lived in the 1400's and sculpted "David"

Michelangelo

2

What was a consequence of the printing press?

Knowledge

3

Who painted the Mona Lisa and the last supper?

Leonardo da Vinci

4

What is the most important idea that arose from the Renaissance?

Individuality

5

What was the intellectual movement that focused on human potential & achievement?

Humanism

6

What does the Renaissance mean?

Rebirth

7

Who painted the ceilings of tomes Sistine chapel?

Michaelangelo

8

Where was the Medici family from?

Florence

9

When did the Renaissance take place?

1300-1500

10

The interest of the human body revived the study of what?

Anatomy

11

Art that shows scenes and objects in realistic dimensions and proportion is know as?

Perspective

12

What was Italy divided into?

City-states

13

What includes grammar, history, poetry, and rhetoric?

Humanities

14

Who wrote "The Prince"

Niccoló Machiavelli

15

Where did the Renaissance begin?

Florence, Italy

16

The period between the fall of the western Roman Empire & the Renaissance?

The Middle Ages

17

Where was the microscope & telescope invented?

The Netherlands

18

What are mercenaries?

Soldiers that are hired or paid for their services.

19

What Rome a powerful city state during the renaissance?

No

20

Which two countries fought destructive wars over Italy?

Spain & France

21

What was one thing that did not contribute to the spread of Renaissance ideas?

Chinese methods of making paper arriving in Europe.

22

Define vernacular

Language or dialect

23

"da Vinci of today"

Someone who is good at everything.

24

What social class was most likely to move up?

Merchants

25

What is a dowry?

Money or gifts given by the brides family at the time of marriage.

26

Who creates the printing press?

Johannes Gutenburg

27

What was the first Protestant faith?

Lutheran

28

What did the peace of Augsburg finally establish?

The end to religious conflict between Protestants & Catholics.

29

What was part of calvins reformation of the city of Geneva including a court system know as?

Consistory.

30

What issues are Martin luthers 95 theses addressing?

Corruption of the Catholic Church & purgatory.

31

What is purgatory?

The state or place of purification or temporary punishment for those die in a state of grace to prepare them for heaven.

32

Who was the monk and professor at the university of Wittenberg that rejected the catholic teaching that both faith & good works are required for salvation?

Martin Luther

33

What wee the 3 most important teachings of Martin Luther?

•salvation is accomplished by faith & faith alone.
•religious truth & authority is found only in the bible.
• the church is a priesthood of believers & not a hiarchy of clergy.

34

Who was the Protestant reformer that believed in predestination?

John Calvin

35

What was the Protestant group that believes in baptizing adults only & not children?

Anabaptists.