Flashcards in Renal and Male Genital Pathology Tutorial Deck (21):
What does the term glomerulonephritis mean?
diseases affecting glomerulus
What are darker pink areas seen on special stains of glomerulonephritis?
basement membrane thickened
What infection could cause glomerulonephritis?
a systemic one (no really related to kidney infection)
What do kidneys look like in glomerulonephritis?
small bilaterally (due to atrophy of tubules), with scarred surfaces
What systemic conditions is glomerulonephritis associated with?
SLE, TB, diabetes, vasculitis, amyloidosis, Goodpastures
Where does pyelonephritis affect?
What is seen in acute pyelonephritis?
pus and abscess formation
What is seen in chronic pyelonephritis?
What effect does hypertension have on the kidney?
atheroma formation can obstruct blood flow to kidney causing ischaemia of kidney
What appears in malignant hypertension in kidney?
What lesion can be seen in diabetic glomerulonephropathy?
due to hyperfiltration
What is acquired cystic disease associated with?
What is hydronephrosis?
water in renal pelvis
usually caused by obstruction
chronic incomplete voiding/prolapse of vaginal wall
What may hydronephrosis present with if unilateral?
What is a sign of a poor prognosis in renal cell carcinoma?
if spreads to IVC
What is the most common type of carcinoma of bladder?
What type of testicular carcinoma looks potato like?
What type of testicular carcinoma is radiotherapy sensitive?
What is a useful marker for seminoma?
What is a useful marker for a teratoma?
HCG (also in pregnancy)