Renal and Male Genital Pathology Tutorial Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Renal and Male Genital Pathology Tutorial Deck (21):
1

What does the term glomerulonephritis mean?

diseases affecting glomerulus

2

What are darker pink areas seen on special stains of glomerulonephritis?

basement membrane thickened

3

What infection could cause glomerulonephritis?

a systemic one (no really related to kidney infection)

4

What do kidneys look like in glomerulonephritis?

small bilaterally (due to atrophy of tubules), with scarred surfaces

5

What systemic conditions is glomerulonephritis associated with?

SLE, TB, diabetes, vasculitis, amyloidosis, Goodpastures

6

Where does pyelonephritis affect?

renal pelvis

7

What is seen in acute pyelonephritis?

pus and abscess formation

8

What is seen in chronic pyelonephritis?

scarring

9

What effect does hypertension have on the kidney?

atheroma formation can obstruct blood flow to kidney causing ischaemia of kidney

10

What appears in malignant hypertension in kidney?

fibroid necrosis
onion skin

11

What lesion can be seen in diabetic glomerulonephropathy?

Kimell-Woolskin lesion
due to hyperfiltration

12

What is acquired cystic disease associated with?

dialysis

13

What is hydronephrosis?

water in renal pelvis
usually caused by obstruction
chronic incomplete voiding/prolapse of vaginal wall

14

What may hydronephrosis present with if unilateral?

pain/infection

15

What is a sign of a poor prognosis in renal cell carcinoma?

if spreads to IVC

16

What is the most common type of carcinoma of bladder?

transitional cell

17

What type of testicular carcinoma looks potato like?

seminoma

18

What type of testicular carcinoma is radiotherapy sensitive?

seminoma

19

What is a useful marker for seminoma?

PLAP

20

What is a useful marker for a teratoma?

HCG (also in pregnancy)

21

Which type of testicular carcinoma is chemotherapy sensitive?

teratoma