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Flashcards in Renal Part 1 Deck (17)
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Absence of one or both kidneys

renal agenesis

1

Failure of the kidneys to develop normal size and weight.

renal hypoplasia

2

term used to describe the condition in which the kidneys are fused at either the upper or lower pole.

horseshoe

3

the most common site of fusion in a horseshoe kidney

lower pole

4

the term used to describe an abnormal location of 1 or both kidneys.

Ectopic kidney

5

The most common locations of an ectopic kidney (2)

lower abdomen or pelvis

6

Childhood PKD is an autosomal... condition and adult PKD is autosomal ... condition

recessive; dominant

7

large cysts lined by flattened cuboidal epithelium and an intervening parenchyma that is fibrotic with islands of bluish cartilage

childhood PKD

8

more commonly associated with concurrent liver cysts

adult PKD

9

dialysis patients who develop renal cysts are at an increased risk for

renal cell carcinoma

10

Glomerular diseases presenting as nephrotic syndrome (4)

Lipoid nephrosis
Membranous glomerulopathy
Focal-segmental glomerulosclerosis
Nodular and diffuse glomerulosclerosis

11

Nephrotic syndrome

Proteinuria (>3 gm per 24 hrs.)
Decreased serum proteins
Increased serum lipid levels
Generalized edema

12

the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in children

lipoid nephrosis (minimal change dz)

13

in lipoid nephrosis, only protein commonly lost in the urine

albumin

14

flattening of the foot processes and no immune cells

minimal change dz (lipoid nephrosis)

15

the most common cause of adult nephrotic syndrome.

membranous glomerulopathy

16

known to follow infections such as chronic hepatitis B and C, syphilis, malaria and Schistosomiasis

membranous glomerulopathy