Flashcards in Representations - Ethnicity, Social class, Age Deck (22)
Ethnic minority’s group - MR's
VAN DIJK (looked at thousands of media coverage on EM's).
- Criminals: CUSHION ET AL - 7/10 black men/boys associated with crime and gangs in media.
- Threat: POOLE - Islam portrayed as a threat, demonised to British society (Islamophic).
- Unimportant: LIGALI - Black victims not paid as much attention then white victims.
Poole - islam portrayed as a threat to British society
What does Nairn say about the monarchy?
Media used to portray them as ‘just like us’.
Royal family events = social cohesion
Representation of the M/C
Over represented, media mainly aimed at m/c
Representations of the W/C
Many M/C journalists suffer from "liberal bigotry" - assume W/C are foul-mouthed, racist = causes social problems.
Institutional racism in MR
Ethnics are placed in media as a result of TOKENISM! - portrayed a lower status.
Black gangsta rap
BEST AND KELLNER -
Found that deprived black youths liked rap as they could relate because of STEREOTYPING and RACISM. provides them with a voice.
HOWEVER, at its worse: 'racist, sexist, glorify violence and drugs'.
Pluralist view of ethnic MR's
Media mirrors society - give the people what they want otherwise no profit!
- MR of blacks as criminals and Muslims as threat to society.
HOWEVER, journalist can be seen as racist as they are mostly m/c white males.
Marxist view of ethnic MR's
EM's mostly likely be subject to moral panics, criminalising them: presenting them as folk devils.
Distracts W/C from exploitation.
Hegemonic Marxist view of ethnic MR's
Owners, journalists, editors mostly WHITE! = consensus.
= target Blacks to not alienate whites.
Representations of U/C
Believe that mass media celebrate the hierarchy and wealth, hardly show U/C in neg light nor draw attention to inequality in wealth.
Representation of Monarchy
Media has a positive view on Royal Family - 'like us' = reinforce nation ID
Royal events = social cohesion (positive, brings everyone together)
Representations of W/C
(CURRAN AND SEATON)
CURRAN AND SEATON -
Newspapers aimed at W/C are more simplistic, 'infotainment' and avoid politics.
MARXISTS - See this as media distracting W/C from exploitation.
MR of poverty and underclass
Media pays less attention to capitalist 'causalities', journalist, editors... are hopeless at realistically reporting the poor.
MARXIST: creates a FALSE CONSCIOUSNESS = inequality
PLURALISTS: Media only shows what is newsworthy.
MR of childhood
(EVAN and CHANDLER)
As a result of the new family:
PESTER POWER created, manipulate for money and goods.
Two points of MR of youth
1. Media allows them to socially construct their ID's and lifestyle
2. Youths targeted as folk devils, deviant - drug takers and truth benders.
82% of media showed young people as a threat, victims and perpetrators of violent crimes.
Who says this?
Functionalist perspective of youth MR
Creates and normalises boundaries, reminds youths what is socially expected.
Pluralist perspective of youth MR
Media reflects society - young people are the most likely group to be deviant and criminal behaviour = (criminal behaviour) THIS IS NEWSWORTHY!!
Glasgow University Media Group (GUMG) perspective of youth MR
Young people targeting at negative, journalist place old people are a higher status.
Postmodernist perspective of youth MR
Media allows young people to be creators: YT, FB....
Newman - representation on (old) age
M/C and U/C men are placed in high positions in TV - leaders, judges, politicians, experts.