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Flashcards in Repro Physiology Deck (25)
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1

What is the hormonal profile of proestrus?

P4 drops, E2 rises

2

What are clinical signs of proestrus?

Vaginal bleeding, swollen vulva, attracts males but doesn't let them mount

3

What is the hormonal profile of estrus?

Lowest P4, highest E2, LH surge

4

How does E2 affect vaginal cells?

Proliferate and form cornified epithelium

5

What is the hormonal profile of metestrus?

Rising P4

6

What is the hormonal profile of diestrus?

High P4

7

What does P4 promote during diestrus?

Endometrial growth

8

What does P4 inhibit during diestrus?

Myometrial activity, leukocyte response to infection

9

At which stage of the cycle does a pyometra occur?

Diestrus

10

How long after an estrus will a pyometra occur?

8wk

11

What is the gestation length of dogs?

63 days

12

When can you see fetal skeletons on radiographs?

42 days

13

Panting, trembles, nesting behavior, and restlessness are part of which stage of parturition?

Stage 1

14

How long can stage 1 of parturition last?

6-12h (up to 36h)

15

How long can stage 2 of parturition last?

6-12h (up to 36h)

16

Abdominal straining that coincides with uterine contraction occurs during which stage of parturition?

Stage 2

17

What event defines stage 2 of parturition?

Water breaks

18

At what interval are puppies delivered during a normal parturition?

q30-60min for up to 4h

19

How soon after birth of the pup is the fetal membrane expelled?

5-15min

20

What is lochia?

Thick green discharge

21

How soon after parturition should complete uterine involution and endometrial recovery take?

3 months

22

How long after parturition can lochia be seen?

Up to 3 weeks

23

How long after parturition is vaginal bleeding considered normal?

4-6 weeks

24

What hormone can indicate a pseudopregnancy in cats?

Rise in prolactin, decline in P4

25

How does prolactin affect behavior?

Mammary gland hyperplasia, lactation, nesting, mothering inanimate objects